Laurence J. Kirmayer


Contact via McGill University


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Chercheur(e)s associé(e)s
Organisations associées

Projets de recherche récents

How the early environment interacts with prenatal adversity and genetic susceptibility to moderate the risk for anxious and depressive disorders from infancy to early adolescence - the moderating effect of maternal care and the mediating effect of temperament

2016/17-2020/21 • $1,586,127 • PI,CO,Other
The precocious and chronic course of depression makes it the disease with the leading cause of disability, an effect marked by a 2-fold difference in the rate for girls and women as of early adolescence. The pace of reduction in the prevalence of anxious and depressive disorders has failed to...

The gender specific effects of prenatal adversity on the development of anxious and depressive psychopathology in early adolescence - the moderating effect of genes and early maternal care

2016/17-2020/21 • $1,191,268 • PI,CO
The precocious and chronic course of depression makes it the disease with the leading cause of disability, an effect marked by a 2-fold difference in the rate for girls and women as of early adolescence. The pace of reduction in the prevalence of anxious and depressive disorders has failed to...

Quebec Network for Indigenous Health Research Mentorship

2017/18-2020/21 • $1,000,000 • PI,CO,Other
This network of Quebec universities -- McGill, UdeM, Laval, UQAM and UQAT -- will increase mentorship opportunities, retention and representation for Abenaki (bi-lingual), Algonquin (bi-lingual), Atikamekw (francophone), Cree, Inuit (bi-lingual), Maliseet, Mi'kmaw, Mohawk, Naskapi, Innu...

Qanuikkat Siqinirmiut? A community-based study of southern Quebec Inuit health and wellbeing

2018/19-2020/21 • $744,618 • PI,CO
Our project begins with a question "Qanuikkat Siqinirmiut?" or "How are the people in the south?" The number of Inuit living in southern cities is increasing rapidly, with just over 27% (17,695) now living outside the traditional territories of Inuit Nunangat. In contrast to those in the north,...

Irnisursiriartutuq nunaringngitamini (birthing outside the community): Childbirth evacuation, perinatal mental health, and postnatal health outcomes of Nunavimmiut mothers and their infants

2019/20-2020/21 • $553,767 • PI,CO
In Nunavik, Inuit women with medically high-risk pregnancies are sent to Montreal for childbirth. Childbirth evacuation may affect maternal-infant health through maternal mental health pathways. The study will 1) explore whether and how childbirth evacuation affects prenatal stress and...

Atautsikut: Implementing a Community of Practice in Youth Mental Health and Wellness in Nunavik.

2018/19-2020/21 • $453,246 • PI,CO
Indigenous youth are facing major mental health predicaments. Inuit youth are particularly at risk and show a high prevalence of suicide. The system struggles to offer proper services for these youth, not only because of insufficient resources but also because of major communication,...

First Nations views towards biological health research: Before and after participation in a two-eyed seeing curriculum

2018/19-2020/21 • $382,500 • PI,CO
Our team made up of First Nations knowledge holders and researchers in Canada that have come together over the past year two years to discuss advances in biological health research and how they may be relevant to First Nations health. In order to address some of the barriers to First Nations-led...

Integrating person-centered and precision psychiatry in the clinical assessment of depression

2018/19-2020/21 • $210,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Depression is now the leading cause of disability around the world. However, the range of syndromes subsumed under the label of depression remains broad. This heterogeneity has led to a crisis of diagnosis and poor treatment outcomes. In the face of this ongoing challenge, there is an urgent...

Neurobiological Discourse in Psychiatry

2017/18-2020/21 • $148,333 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Over 235,000 Canadians are homeless annually, and more than 5,000 are homeless on any given night in Toronto. Homelessness is associated with high rates of mental illness, such as psychotic illness, drug dependence, major depression, and personality disorders. The pan-Canadian research project...

Growth and empowerment measure adapted for the Indigenous in Quebec - utility evaluation for psychiatric measurement and intervention

2020/21 • $84,478 • PI,CO
Indigenous peoples have among the highest rates of psychiatric disorders and suicide. Good quality psychiatric treatment should confirm cultural safety not only in remote areas but also in urban centers where 60% of Indigenous of Canada live. The traumatic history of colonization makes help...

Culturally-Based Suicide Prevention and Mental Health Promotion for Indigenous Youth

2015/16-2018/19 • $675,000 • PI,CO,Other
This Component 2 Pathways to Health Equity Implementation Research Team will address the challenge of suicide prevention and mental health promotion for First Nations youth across Canada. The team will build on previous work by a Public Health Agency of Canada funded team developing a...

Pregnant, Isolated and Depressed: Exploring the Impact of Childbirth Evacuation for Inuit Women's Sociocultural Isolation, Perinatal Depression, and Maternal-Infant Health

2018/19 • $100,000 • PI,CO
In Nunavik, the establishment of birth centers and a strong midwifery program has enabled most Inuit to remain in their communities for childbirth. But childbirth evacuation still occurs for women with medically high-risk pregnancies. Childbirth evacuation may affect maternal-infant health...

The Health of Montreal Inuit: A Participatory Mixed-Methods Population Health Survey and Action Agenda

2017/18 • $100,000 • PI,CO
While approximately 10 percent of Nunavik (Arctic Quebec) Inuit (more than 1200 people) now live in Montreal, there have been no attempts to understand the health of this population. A few studies have looked at the social, economic and cultural contexts of urban Inuit life and it is evident...

Aboriginal Health Research Networks (AHRNets) for Aboriginal Knowledge and Ways of Knowing.

2014/15-2016/17 • $600,000 • PI,CO
The AHRNets-AKWK is a national 'network of networks' in Aboriginal health research that meaningfully engages knowledge holders, practitioners, researchers, trainees and knowledge brokers collaborating to advance health research that foregrounds Aboriginal knowledge and ways of knowing in all...

Qanuingisiagit - working together towards family wellbeing

2016/17 • $147,760 • PI,CO,Other
Inuit communities and organisations throughout Nunavik have developed innovative strategies to practice and support wellness and to enhance family well being, initiatives that have until now been flourishing independently. This project aims to bring together leaders, elders, youth, and...

Neurosciences and the Afterlife of Death: Re-imagining Notions of Suicidal Risk

2013/14-2015/16 • $159,046 • PI,CO
Suicide has often been associated with particular subpopulations such as those people who are socially marginalized or, alternatively, who suffer from mental illness. Together, these explanations have created a perception of suicide as linked to both individual negative experiences as well as...

A mixed qualitative study on the ethics of transforming care: Examining the development and implementation of Canada's first mental health strategy

2015/16 • $99,972 • PI,CO,Other
There is a continuing need to understand how policymakers and clinicians make important decisions that effect individuals and populations. Particularly there is a need to understand how they negotiate ethical dilemmas during this decision-making process and the reasoning and resources they use...

How Suggestibility May Influence Placebo Response: Insights From a Novel Experimental Design

2010/11-2014/15 • $410,000 • PI,CO
While placebos are known to exert powerful therapeutic effects on some patients, we still have a poor understanding of the mechanisms which underlie them, as well as the characteristics of placebo responders. A leading explanation for placebo effects emphasizes the role played by patients'...

Suicide Prevention for Inuit Youth

2014/15 • $99,940 • PI,CO,Other
This Pathways to Health Equity Implementation Research Team will address the challenge of suicide prevention and mental health promotion for Inuit across Canada. The team will bring together partners from multiple Inuit regions and organizations to work together to identify promising or...

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2012/13-2014/15 • $97,824 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

Mental health, cortisol and cytokines among adult offspring of Indian Residential School Survivors

2012/13-2014/15 • $90,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Years of colonization and forced assimilation have led to the devastation of Aboriginal communities and cultures. A particularly harmful experience was the government policy of forcing Aboriginal to attend Indian Residential Schools (IRSs; 1800s-1996). Assimilation was the explicit rationale for...

Recovery in cultural context: Identifying key processes and domains of recovery in Euro-Canadian and Afro-Canadian persons diagnosed with severe mental illness

2013/14-2014/15 • $40,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
The accumulation of daily life struggles might negatively affect the mental health of individuals who do not have appropriate coping resources. In Canada, only one third of individuals in need actually receive mental health services. According to the Mental Health Commission of Canada (MHCC),...

28e Congrès mondial de l'Association internationale pour la prévention du suicide

2014/15 • $24,990 • PI,CO
Parrainé par l'Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), le 28e Congrès mondial de l'Association internationale pour la prévention du suicide (IASP) se tiendra à Montréal du 16 au 20 juin 2015 et réunira les chercheurs en sciences humaines et en science de la santé oeuvrant en lien avec la...

Culturally-Based Suicide Prevention and Mental Health Promotion for Indigenous Youth

2014/15 • $12,500 • PI,CO,Other
This Component 2 Pathways to Health Equity Implementation Research Team will address the challenge of suicide prevention and mental health promotion for First Nations youth across Canada. The team will build on previous work by a Public Health Agency of Canada funded team developing a...

CIHR Network Environments for Aboriginal Health Research

2013/14 • $1,000,000 • PI,CO
Aucun sommaire

A comparative study of pathways to first episode care for psychosis in three ethnic groups in Ontario

2010/11-2013/14 • $401,733 • PI,CO
The sooner an individual gets treatment for psychotic illnesses such as schizophrenia, the better the outcome. In an effort to assist this goal, early intervention services have been set up across Ontario. However, studies of these services suggest that there is a greater delay between...

RASP: Resilience and Suicide Prevention project

2013/14 • $250,000 • PI
The RASP project aims to assess the process and outcomes of three suicide prevention and wellness promotion initiatives in the Arctic. This proposal is a collaboration between Alaska and two Canadian Arctic communities in order to identify and investigate promising interventions in those fields....

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2012/13-2013/14 • $200,000 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

Re-Tracing the African, Caribbean, and European (ACE)Pathways to Care in First-Episode Psychosis

2013/14 • $24,720 • PI,CO,Other
The sooner an individual gets treatment for psychotic illnesses, such as schizophrenia, the better the treatment outcome is. In an effort to assist this goal, early intervention services have been set up across Ontario. However, studies of these services suggest that there is a greater delay...

CIHR Network Environments for Aboriginal Health Research

2010/11-2012/13 • $9,297,961 • PI,CO
Aucun sommaire

Travailler avec un interprète en santé mentale. Besoins en ressources linguistiques et pratiques des professionnels de la santé mentale de la région de Montréal.

2010/11-2011/12 • $184,484 • PI,CO,Other
Ce projet a pour objectif d'evaluer les pratiques, ressources et besoins linguistiques des intervenants en sante mentale sur l'ile de Montreal. En effet, 3% de la population de l'ile ne parle ni le francais, ni l'anglais et pres du tiers de cette population est de langue maternelle autre que les...

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2011/12 • $100,000 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

Social and Clinical Risk Factors for Inuit Suicide in Nunavut: a multicomponent KT strategy

2011/12 • $99,000 • PI,CO
The proposed KT strategy is based in multicomponent interventions (meeting with community leaders, DVD, booklets, website, and radio interviews). The strategy was designed to emphasize the participation of the communities at all stages.The objective is to discuss the results and integrate the...

The Last Mile Project: Improving the Delivery of Primary Care for Vulnerable Migrants

2011/12 • $24,989 • PI,CO
The Canadian Collaboration for Immigrant and Refugee Health (CCIRH) developed practical evidence-based clinical guidelines to address preventable health issues for immigrants and refugees. The goal of this initiative is to continue CCIRH evidence-based efforts to improve the access and quality...

Culture and Psychosis: Social Determinants of Resilience and Recovery

2011/12 • $3,000 • PI,CO
The biological revolution in psychiatry that took place during the 1960s, 70s, and 80s laid the foundations for the contemporary mainstream view that severe mental disorders are disorders of the brain and the genes. Over the last forty years, however, a parallel body of research has repeatedly...

National Network for Aboriginal Mental Health Research

2010/11 • $311,395 • PI,CO
The National Network for Aboriginal Mental Health Research (NAMHR) brings together community representatives, social scientists, mental health practitioners, public health experts, educators, and front-line health and social service workers from across Canada. The main goal of the NAMHR is to...

Improving Access to Clinical and Community Resources for Multicultural Mental Health Care

2010/11 • $58,328 • PI,CO,Other
This research project will address the challenge of responding to cultural diversity in mental health care. Newcomers to Canada (including immigrants and refugees), and members of some established ethnocultural groups tend to under-utilize mental health services and may receive inappropriate or...

Pathways towards global health equity in contexts of structural violence

2010/11 • $15,000 • PI,CO
We will be focussing our Program of Research on health inequities and gender disparities in two main global health domains: mental disorders and the HIV/AIDS epidemic, among distinctive population segments exposed to violence and social inequalities in Canada (Aboriginal populations) and three...

Pathways to equity in mental health promotion and mental illness prevention for immigrant, refugee, ethnocultural and racialised populations in Canada.

2010/11 • $15,000 • PI,CO,Other
Mental health and addictions problems are leading causes of disability. Evidence shows significant differences in the mental health of immigrant, refugee, ethnocultural and racialised (IRER) groups when compared to other people in Canada. The general path is for worsening mental health and...

Immigrant health in Canada: the hidden workforce of immigrant community health workers to reduce health inequities

2010/11 • $14,650 • PI,CO
What is the problem? Immigrants (a quarter million annually) arrive healthier than the Canadian born population, but shortly after arrival their health status begins to decline. There is accumulating evidence that social determinants of health- the living conditions immigrants experience in...

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