James M. Bolton


Contact via University of Manitoba


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Projets de recherche récents

Defining the Longitudinal Course, Outcomes, and Treatment Needs of Vulnerable Canadians with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

2015/16-2020/21 • $1,695,396 • PI,Other
Context. Although stress is a recurring and omnipresent problem, there are major gaps in knowledge about the hallmark condition related to traumatic stress (i.e., posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]). Over 70% of Canadians are exposed to traumatic events (e.g., physical injury, assault) in...

Integrating clinical data systems to improve the capacity, performance, and value of Manitoba's healthcare system

2019/20-2020/21 • $1,197,970 • PI,CO,Other
Manitoba has many computerized health databases but they are largely disconnected from one another. 'Data-fragmentation' limits the capacity of the health system, and leads to inefficiencies in the delivery of healthcare. Partnering with Manitoba's Ministry of Health (Manitoba Health, Seniors...

Health, Well-Being, and Disease-Birth to Adulthood in Manitoba

2019/20-2020/21 • $244,799 • PI,CO
Why are some children healthy and others not? Why do some children perform well in school and others drop out? Why are some youths arrested while others never come near the justice system? The population-based Manitoba data enable research on the consequences of birth, childhood, and adolescent...

Psychiatric and social outcomes post pediatric concussion: a population-based study

2017/18-2019/20 • $110,000 • PI,CO
Concussions are common pediatric injuries and symptoms include headaches, nausea, difficulty concentrating and paying attention, and confusion. They can also cause several emotional symptoms, such as anxiety, depression, irritability, and changes in sleeping patterns. We found that 12% of youth...

Investigating Use of Prescription Opioids and Multiple Psychotropic Medications During Pregnancy: Impact on the Mother and Developing Child

2019/20 • $100,000 • PI,CO
Canada is in the midst of an opioid crisis. With more women taking prescription opioids during pregnancy now than at any time in the past, it is important to understand how these drugs are used during pregnancy and how they affect the development of children. This information is critical to...

PAX-Good Behavior Game in First Nations Communities: Enhancing and Adapting a School-Based Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention Strategy

2015/16-2018/19 • $673,777 • PI,CO,Other
The study goal is to improve the mental well-being of First Nations (FN) children and to decrease suicidal behaviours in the longer term. Rates of suicide and suicide attempts of FN youth in Canada are alarmingly high and are considered a major public health concern. PAX Good Behavior Game...

Integrating clinical data systems to improve the capacity, performance, and value of Manitoba's healthcare system

2017/18 • $100,000 • PI,Other
Manitoba is blessed with a wide range of computer systems that contain healthcare data; however, these systems exists as 'stand-alone' entities that can often not communicate between one another. This application forwards a transformative vision to connect all of the clinical databases within...

Implementing Innovative Models of Acute Pediatric Mental Health and Addiction Care

2017/18 • $99,999 • PI,CO,Other
Children and youth with mental illness require specialized, multidisciplinary, mental healthcare, especially during times of crisis. This project aims to improve the delivery of acute mental healthcare services in 3 provinces by providing children with the right care, in the right place, at the...

A Data Infrastructure for Monitoring the Impact of Cannabis Legalization: Data Collection and Linkage Strategies to Inform Health and Social Policy

2017/18 • $98,623 • PI,CO,Other
Next summer, the Canadian government is making it legal to buy and use marijuana. The effect that this will have on how much marijuana Canadians use and how often they use it is not known. Information on the long-term impacts of marijuana on health and social issues is also lacking. We need data...

Health and Social Impacts on the Family Following Fetal/Infant Death

2013/14-2016/17 • $494,172 • PI,CO,Other
The death of a baby pregnancy or the first year of life is frequently a life-transforming event for bereaved parents and families. Health and social care providers as well as society at large tend to underestimate the long-term impact that such a death can have on a family, often resulting in...

Consequences of Suicide Bereavement: A Population-Based Study in Manitoba

2011/12-2016/17 • $300,000 • PI
Suicide often has a devastating effect on the surviving family members. Those who are bereaved by suicide (suicide survivors) frequently experience major emotional problems such as depression. Even more worrisome is that family members who lose a relative to suicide are at risk of suicide...

PATHS Equity for Children. A program of research into what works to reduce the gap for Manitoba's children

2011/12-2015/16 • $1,900,000 • PI,CO
There is much interest in addressing the problem of health inequity. Health inequity is unfair and avoidable or remediable differences in health among social groups. Health equity suggests that all people can reach their full potential and should not be disadvantaged from attaining it due to...

Mental Disorders and Treatment Needs among Parents Bereaved by Offspring Sudden Death

2013/14-2015/16 • $134,525 • PI,CO
Bereavement following the death of a loved one is a phase of life experienced by almost everyone. It is also a period of vulnerability, with some bereaved persons experiencing considerable emotional difficulties. Our previous study showed that parents who lose a child to suicide are at risk for...

A Longitudinal Study of Risk Factors, Correlates, Course and Treatment Outcomes of Adults who Engage in Non-suicidal Self-injury.

2013/14-2014/15 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Studies of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) have primarily focused on adolescents who engage in this behaviour. In adolescent research comparing different types of deliberate self-harm (DSH), NSSI was associated with borderline personality features, while major depression and posttraumatic stress...

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2012/13-2014/15 • $97,824 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

PAX-Good Behavior Game in First Nations Communities: Enhancing and Adapting a School-Based Mental Health Promotion and Suicide Prevention Strategy

2014/15 • $7,150 • PI,CO,Other
Rates of suicide and suicide attempts of First Nations youth in Canada are alarmingly high and are considered a major public health concern. We still have a considerable amount to learn about how mental health promotion and suicide prevention is implemented in Canada and in First Nations...

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2012/13-2013/14 • $200,000 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

Childhood Social Factors in Development - the CHILDSOC Project

2011/12-2012/13 • $98,984 • PI,CO
Multiple, comprehensive social and health related variables will be used to gain an understanding of what is important (and at which point in the child's early years) in predicting health outcomes. We will focus on important health conditions which children face in their early years: asthma,...

Consequences of Suicide Bereavement: A Population-Based Study in Manitoba

2010/11-2011/12 • $123,397 • PI,CO
Suicide often has a devastating effect on the surviving family members. Those who are bereaved by suicide (suicide survivors) frequently experience major emotional problems such as depression. Even more worrisome is that family members who lose a relative to suicide are at risk of suicide...

Culturally grounded suicide intervention in Cree Nation communities

2011/12 • $100,000 • PI,CO,Other
This grant requests support to continue the work of the CIHR-funded Swampy Cree Suicide Prevention Team (2007-2012). The Team includes members of the Swampy Cree Tribal Council communities (eight Northwestern Manitoba communities), university-based investigators and international consultants....

Social Support as a Moderator of the Risk of Developing Physical and Mental Comorbidity, Disability, and Suicidality in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.

2010/11 • $17,500 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
One of the most consistent findings in trauma research has been the protective effect of perceived positive social support against the development of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and as a mechanism of remission of PTSD symptoms. Individuals with PTSD are at higher risk for developing...

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