Janet Curran


Contact via Dalhousie University


Principaux champs de recherche
Chercheur(e)s associé(e)s
Organisations associées

Projets de recherche récents

SPOR Evidence Alliance

2017/18-2020/21 • $3,851,454 • PI,CO,Other
Our vision is to strengthen the Canadian healthcare system by making sure people have the right information at the right time to make a health decision. Our network (called Reach) includes 176 members, including patients, healthcare providers, policy-makers, and teams of researchers across a...

Accessible and Cost Effective Psychosocial Health Interventions for Canadians

2016/17-2020/21 • $2,590,702 • PI,Other
Dr. Patrick McGrath is an internationally known scientist for his work in two areas: 1. developing, evaluating and scaling up technologically aided interventions that teach skills to patients and families and 2. measurement and psychosocial interventions for pain. Dr. McGrath will build on the...

Promoting implementation of evidence-based care

2015/16-2020/21 • $1,912,865 • PI,Other
Evidence-practice gaps resulting from knowledge translation (KT) failures result in patients failing to benefit optimally from advances in healthcare and inefficient use of scarce healthcare resources. KT is about ensuring that decision-makers at all levels of the health system (including...

Canadian Sepsis Research Network: Improving Care Before, During and After Sepsis.

2019/20-2020/21 • $1,520,001 • PI,CO,Other
Sepsis is the life-threatening response to infection. It affects everybody, especially children, seniors and those with other health issues. Sepsis costs the Canadian healthcare system over $1.5 billion every year, and causes more deaths than breast, bowel and lung cancer put together. Survivors...

COVID-19 Evidence Network to support Decision-making (COVID-END)

2020/21 • $1,000,000 • PI,CO,Other
The science about how to prevent and manage COVID-19 and its spill-over effects on society is changing rapidly. Summaries of the best available science (which we call evidence syntheses) are the best place to turn when making decisions about public-health measures (e.g., wearing masks), clinical...

A Multi-Disciplinary, Patient-Partnered, Pan-Canadian, Comparative Effectiveness Evaluation of an Innovative Acute Pediatric Mental Health and Addiction Care Bundle

2020/21 • $828,225 • PI,CO,Other
For people suffering from an acute mental health or addictions crisis, emergency departments (EDs) serve as a vital settings for assessment, treatment and referral. The number of ED visits for such conditions is increasing rapidly. These crises are stressful and overwhelming, leaving the family...

Improving patient-centered depression care through the dissemination and implementation of the Depression Choice decision aid

2018/19-2020/21 • $797,684 • PI,CO
Shared decision making promotes patient-centered high quality healthcare care but has been proven challenging to implement and routinize in primary care practices. Decision aids promote and enable shared decision making. The evaluation of a dissemination and implementation strategy and its...

A clinical decision support tool for diagnostic imaging use for low back pain

2017/18-2020/21 • $715,173 • PI,CO
Objective: To develop a tool to help doctors make appropriate decisions about the need for diagnostic imaging for patients with low back pain. Rationale: Low back pain is one of the most common and disabling health problems in Canada and the world. In most cases, low back pain resolves without...

Partnering with parents and youth to co-design discharge communication interventions for pediatric emergency care

2018/19-2020/21 • $510,923 • PI,CO
Discharge communication in a pediatric emergency department can be a challenging time for parents, youth and clinicians. Most discharge communication interventions that have been evaluated in the literature target parents but few consider how the chaotic nature of an emergency department might...

When should systematic reviews be replicated, and when is it wasteful?

2016/17-2020/21 • $477,815 • PI,CO
Replication is a corner stone of the scientific method yet replication of systematic reviews is too often overlooked, done unnecessarily or done poorly, as identified by Francis Collins, the Director of the National Institutes of Health (NIH). Excessive replication - doing the same study...

Sociocultural and behavioural factors affecting communities' response to countermeasures for COVID-19 epidemic: identifying interventions to build trust

2020/21 • $399,089 • PI,CO
'Fear might be a bigger threat than the virus.' As public health authorities increase efforts to address the new coronavirus epidemic (COVID-19), rumours, misinformation, and xenophobic online posts are spreading faster than the virus. Fear and misinformation have direct implication on the...

Restricted family presence in the PICU during the COVID-19 pandemic: Understanding impact, experience, and stakeholder priorities

2020/21 • $332,775 • PI,CO
Family presence is essential to family centred care in pediatric intensive care units (PICUs), where children have a high risk of death and disability. PICUs generally value and promote family presence. But to minimize COVID-19 spread, hospitals and PICUs implemented policies to restrict family...

Exploring the Existence of Gender Inequity with an Intersectionality Lens in Academic Health Care, Health Sciences and Health Policy and Interventions to Optimise Gender Equity

2019/20-2020/21 • $233,185 • PI,CO
For gender equity to be present among the health research community, we expect fairness in the distribution of benefits and responsibilities between women and men. However, women are less likely to be promoted, awarded grants, and receive lower salaries than men. Findings from gender equity...

Cross Provincial Comparison of Programs for Patients with Multimorbiditiy in Interprofessional Collaborative Family Practice Teams in Primary Health

2018/19-2020/21 • $156,829 • PI,CO,Other
More and more Canadian adults are living with more than one chronic diseases or conditions at the same time, especially as they get older. This creates complex health and social challenges that can be helped by a team of interprofessional primary healthcare providers. We will identify and...

Advancing the Science of Knowledge Translation: Measuring Context

2020/21 • $148,410 • PI,CO
Context is important to the success of interventions aimed to promote use of best available research evidence by healthcare providers in clinical practice. Context refers broadly to social, physical, structural, political, and relational influences on society, organizations, groups, and...

Co-design of a patient/caregiver discharge communication tool for emergency practice settings

2019/20-2020/21 • $110,378 • PI,CO,Other
Most people who visit an emergency department will be discharged home at the end of their visit with information on how to manage their care at home. Good communication between healthcare providers and patients or their caregivers is critical to ensure important information is shared and...

Supporting Canadians making emergent health decisions to focus on what matters most to them: establishing, testing, and scaling patient-oriented interventions

2020/21 • $100,000 • PI,CO
Since the COVID-19 pandemic, Canadians are facing newly arising tough health decisions. Research shows that when people are supported in making decisions, they have better outcomes. In the last decade, our research team has surveyed patients to tell us about their decision-making needs and...

Using Social Network Analysis to Understand Knowledge Translation in Child Development and Rehabilitation

2020/21 • $100,000 • PI,CO
Children receiving occupational therapy, physiotherapy, and/or speech therapy for development and rehabilitation deserve care based on the best available knowledge. Unfortunately, this does not always happen because people are not aware of current research or best available treatments. Sharing...

Children with Medical Complexity in the Canadian Maritimes: A Mixed Methods Study

2019/20-2020/21 • $70,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Children with medical complexity refer to those who experience a variety of complex chronic health conditions which impact their daily life. While we expect this population of children to be small in numbers, they require a large amount of health care resources to manage their medical...

Strengthening transitions in pediatric care

2014/15-2019/20 • $300,000 • PI
Children and families experience many transitions in care when they interact with the health care system. Transitions in care occur when a child moves between health care providers or when they move from one care setting to another. Poor transitions in care create serious patient safety, quality...

Seamless Transitions for Adolescent Trajectories In Care (STATIC)

2019/20 • $99,445 • PI,Other
Half of mental health conditions emerge by the age of 16 years and 75% by the age of 24. However, this increased incidence in youth corresponds to a weak point in mental health care service delivery. The transition from Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) to Adult Mental Health...

Enhancing evidence-informed decision making capacity to improve access to collaborative care teams in Nova Scotia

2018/19-2019/20 • $35,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Primary health care refers to the routine care and chronic disease prevention and management often delivered in a family doctor's office. Access to these services is critical to both a healthy population and a well-functioning health system. The government of Nova Scotia is committed to...

Canadian Sepsis Research Network: Improving CareBefore, During and After Sepsis

2019/20 • $24,970 • PI,CO,Other
Sepsis, the life-threatening response to infection, costs the Canadians more than $1.5 billon each year, leads to more than 1 in 18 deaths each year, and leaves many survivors with significant disability. In 2016 the World Health Organization (WHO) declared sepsis a global emergency. To meet the...

PED-UCATE - Pediatric Emergency Department Use of Communication Technologies to Activate Transitions Home Effectively

2018/19 • $99,731 • PI,CO
In 2016-17, over 2.4 million children and youth under the age of 19 visited an emergency department [ED] for care in Canada with the majority (87%) being discharged to their home residence. Caregivers should transition from the ED with the necessary knowledge and skills to effectively manage...

Interventions to Support Transitions in Care for Children and Families with Complex Health Care Needs in the Community

2018/19 • $25,000 • PI,CO,Other
Children and youth with complex health care needs have a variety of conditions that range from less severe to life-threatening or life-limiting. For example, some children depend on medical devices and technologies whereas others require less intensive supports to live, work, and play in...

Adapting the Community Readiness Model (CRM) for HIV/AIDS Prevention, Education and Screening with Inuit Communities Developing Strategies for HIV Prevention with Community Input & Collaboration

2015/16-2017/18 • $444,159 • PI,CO,Other
Canadian Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit & Metis) are greatly affected by HIV/AIDS, comprising 12.5% of all new infections. This situation is worsened by poverty, inequality, racism, and historical events like residential schools, all of which are known to increase risk for HIV...

Understanding Context in Knowledge Translation: Development and Validation of a Conceptual Framework

2014/15-2016/17 • $264,237 • PI,CO,Other
Context is increasingly recognized as a central influence on healthcare professionals' use of research and an important factor to be considered in knowledge translation (KT) interventions targeting healthcare professionals. Whilst there is growing recognition that 'context' can modify the...

Supporting shared decisions in pediatric otolaryngology (Phase 1): Needs assessment and decision aid development

2014/15-2016/17 • $159,816 • PI,CO
Pediatric otolaryngology (ear, nose and throat) surgeries are the most common surgeries in children. Many pediatric otolaryngology surgeries could be considered minor, but they are not without risk and benefit is not guaranteed. Thus, surgeons and families must make complex decisions among...

A Holistic Approach to Cervical Cancer Prevention & Treatment Among Inuit Communities: Using Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (IQ) to Guide the Development of Culturally Competent Care

2016/17 • $150,000 • PI,CO,Other
Canadian Aboriginal women (First Nations, Inuit & Metis) are greatly affected by cervical cancer, with poorer survival rates than non-Aboriginals. This situation is worsened by poverty, inequality, racism, and historical events like residential schools, all of which are known to increase risk...

Access of Sexual Health Services Among University Students in the Maritimes

2015/16-2016/17 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
As young adults move away from home for the first time to pursue a university education, the opportunities to participate in high-risk behaviours, such as drinking, using drugs, and risky sexual activity become more frequent. High-risk sexual activity is known to result in negative sexual health...

Evaluating the Involvement of Patient and Family Advisors in Quality and Safety Teams in Nova Scotia

2016/17 • $25,000 • PI,CO,Other
In the Nova Scotia Health Authority, Patient and Family Advisors have been engaged as members of Primary Health Care Quality and Safety Teams that assess, evaluate, and recommend changes to health service offered in communities. While some step has been taken to evaluate the processes involved...

Building a strategy to support parent partnership in patient-oriented research in the Maritimes

2016/17 • $20,204 • PI,CO,Other
Research supporting partnerships between parents and health care professionals to improve outcomes for children and youth is growing. In child health research, parents are important advocates for their children who are often unable to speak for themselves. Parents use the outputs of child health...

Best Strategies for Implementation of Clinical Pathways in Emergency Department Settings

2012/13-2015/16 • $609,820 • PI,CO,Other
A clinical pathway (CP) is a tool used by healthcare teams to organize and document care for specific medical conditions. Based on the best available research, and organized into specific treatment recommendations to be tailored for each patient, CPs have many potential benefits such as improved...

Understanding Discharge Instruction for Children and Caregivers in the Transition from Pediatric Emergency Care

2013/14-2015/16 • $217,902 • PI,CO,Other
Over 87% of children who visit Canadian emergency departments (EDs) are discharged home to their place of residence. Following discharge, many children and their caregivers are unable to list their diagnosis, recount the name and purpose of medications they received, outline the recommended post...

Knowledge to Action in Mental Health Care: Mobile Ecological Momentary Intervention (mobile EMI) to Help Adolescents Adhere to Evidence-Based Treatment for their Anxiety Disorder

2014/15-2015/16 • $200,000 • PI,Other
Anxiety is the most common mental health problem in adolescence, with approximately 1 in 3 adolescents meeting criteria for an anxiety disorder. The recommended psychological treatment for anxiety disorders is cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT). This evidence-based treatment is delivered...

A Knowledge Synthesis on Implementation of the Recovery Concept into Canadian Mental Health Services

2015/16 • $100,000 • PI,Other
Issue to be addressed: The goal of this synthesis is to transform Canadian mental health services to a recovery approach. In order to do this we will conduct a systematic review of research on implementing the recovery concept into mental health services for people with serious mental illness....

Sexual Health Services and Sexual Health Promotion Among Undergraduate Students in the Maritimes

2012/13-2014/15 • $326,535 • PI,CO,Other
Background: Sexually transmitted infections, unwanted pregnancies and other negative sexual health outcomes are well known threats to undergraduate university students' health and wellbeing. In addition, concerns about such issues as sexual assault and sexual identity, are common on university...

Understanding Context in Knowledge Translation: Development and Consensus of a Conceptual Framework

2014/15 • $100,000 • PI,CO,Other
Context is increasingly recognized as an important factor to be considered in knowledge translation (KT) interventions targeting healthcare professionals. While there is growing recognition that context can modify the effects of KT interventions, we lack conceptual clarity about what context is....

Nova Scotia SPOR Network in Primary and Integrated Health Care Innovations

2013/14 • $75,000 • PI,CO
This grant application proposes to bring together the initial members of the Nova Scotia Strategy for Patient Oriented Research Network for Primary and Integrated Health Care Innovations (NS-PIHCI). If funded, NS-PIHCI will provide Nova Scotia the opportunity for research, policy, clinical...

Striving Towards Excellence: Addressing Gender Diversity & Bias in Nursing Education and Clinical Practice

2013/14 • $1,830 • PI,CO
Diversity is often discussed in nursing. Administrators now recognize, that the nursing profession must be reflective of a variety of ethnic, racial, cultural, and religious backgrounds in an effort to provide care to a wide, and fast growing diverse patient population. Just as racial and ethnic...

Development of an Evidence Based Knowledge Translation Plan for the Canadian Assessment of Tomography for Childhood Health Injury (CATCH) Rule

2010/11-2011/12 • $59,167 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Background: Minor head injuries in children result in over 650,000 emergency department visits annually. Computed tomography (CT) scan is the most effective method for detecting a life-threatening intracranial hematoma. However, only 5% of children presenting with minor head injury have acute...

Translating Evidence to Improve Comprehensive Care of Androgen Deprived Prostate Cancer Patients and

2011/12 • $24,964 • PI
We seek funding for a 2-day meeting to bring together a new research team to begin the development of a CIHR knowledge translation (KT) grant. We propose to gather researchers, clinicians, patient representatives and decision-makers concerned with comprehensive, i.e. psychosocial, sexual and...

Developing an International Research Agenda for the Theoretical Domains Framework

2011/12 • $24,538 • PI,CO
Despite recommendations to improve the use of evidence in healthcare and a rapidly developing field of implementation science, the uptake of evidence in practice and policy remains haphazard. Healthcare provider and policy-maker behaviour change is a key factor in the movement toward...

Replication Research: Developing a Framework for Knowledge Translation Research

2010/11 • $99,352 • PI,CO,Other
Up until now, there has been little discussion of the importance of replication in knowledge translation (KT) that could further contribute to the quality of research results essential for the improvement of health care services provided to Canadians. The purpose of this knowledge synthesis is...

Implementation & Evaluation of Clinical Pathways to Deliver Best Evidence Pediatric Emergency Care..

2010/11 • $13,870 • PI,CO,Other
The objectives of this 1.5 day workshop is to develop a collaborative multicentre research protocol to design and evaluate implementation strategies for clinical pathways and to measure the impact of clinical pathway uptake. This will be an Ontario-based implementation that will draw on national...

Brevets