David L. Buckeridge


Contact via McGill University


Principaux champs de recherche
Chercheur(e)s associé(e)s
Organisations associées

Projets de recherche récents

Unité SUPPORT du Québec : Un soutien pour la recherche axée sur le patient

2014/15-2020/21 • $23,587,002 • PI,CO,Other
Aucun sommaire

Canadian Immunization Research Network

2017/18-2020/21 • $8,662,794 • PI,CO,Other
The Canadian Immunization Research Network (CIRN) is a network of over 100 researchers in 40 Canadian institutions that evaluates the safety and effectiveness of vaccines and vaccine programs. CIRN supports collaborative research among vaccine researchers and stakeholders, trains the next...

Improving Patient Safety and Chronic Disease Management with a New Generation of Health Information Technologies

2010/11-2020/21 • $3,268,587 • PI,CO
Reduction in errors that compromise patient safety and improvements in chronic disease management are two of the greatest challenges in modern health care. Adverse events are a leading cause of death, and between a quarter to a half of all events are considered preventable if human and system...

Evaluating the Accuracy of New Methods of Pharmacosurveillance: Computerized Administrative Data and Electronic Prescribing and Drug Management Systems

2010/11-2020/21 • $2,622,451 • PI,CO
Prescription drugs play a rapidly expanding and important role in the prevention and treatment of common health problems. Over 60% of adult Canadians have used at least one prescription drug in the past 6 months, and six or more drugs are taken by 18% of the older population. While there are...

Using Novel Canadian Resources to Improve Medication Reconciliation at Discharge

2010/11-2020/21 • $2,013,596 • PI,CO
People who are hospitalized often already take many medications. Many of these medications will be stopped or changed during a hospital stay. When patients are discharged from hospital and return home, they can sometimes get ill from the medications they were given because of problems in...

Supporting the creation of a LEARNing INteGrated health system to mobilize context-adapted knowledge with a Wiki platform to Improve the transitions of frail Seniors from from hospitals and emergency Departments to the cOMmunity: the LEARNING WISDOM Phase II scale-up project

2017/18-2020/21 • $1,507,098 • PI,CO
Elderly patients do not always receive the best care to help them return home after being discharged from the hospital. The connections between the hospital and community-care settings are often inadequate. As a result, elderly patients may be repeatedly readmitted to the hospital and their...

Enhancing CAN-AIM capacity to respond to drug safety and effectiveness queries

2019/20-2020/21 • $1,434,488 • PI,CO
The CAnadian Network for Advanced Interdisciplinary Methods for comparative effectiveness research' (CAN-AIM) team is a pan-Canadian, highly interdisciplinary network of researchers working together to provide real-world information about drug safety and effectiveness for policymakers. Since the...

Evaluating the differential impact of what we have done, as we prioritize what to do next: a multi-provincial intervention modeling study using population-based data

2020/21 • $1,293,631 • PI,CO
In Canada, as elsewhere, the COVID-19 epidemic has spread at varying speeds and amplitudes across people, places, and time. Early model predictions were dire across the board largely because of limited local data. So early models had to assume that we were all at equal risk, regardless of...

CODA-19: a Collaborative Data Analysis Platform to Improve Clinical Care in Patients with COVID-19

2020/21 • $937,950 • PI,CO
COVID-19 is a highly contagious acute respiratory illness that has undergone rapid global spread in the beginning of 2020. There is a pressing need to develop tools that can help physicians diagnose COVID-19 rapidly, determine if different disease presentations warrant different types of...

New statistical methods for cohort studies of adverse effects of medications

2016/17-2020/21 • $715,383 • PI,CO
The number of medications available to treat various health problems increases steadily. Most new drugs help improve patients' health, their quality of life and life expectancy, but some may have important unintended side effects while other may be less effective than existing, often less...

Trajectoires de soins et conditions propices aux soins ambulatoires

2018/19-2020/21 • $570,882 • PI,CO
Le but ultime de ce projet est de mieux comprendre les liens entre les trajectoires de soins et la sante chez les individus aux prises avec un probleme de sante chronique, en engageant patients, organismes et decideurs dans le developpement et le partage de cette connaissance. Pour les individus...

The COMPAS+ project: Evaluating the impacts, implementation and scalability of a provincial quality improvement collaborative for the management of chronic diseases in primary care

2018/19-2020/21 • $525,380 • PI,CO
Primary care is largely viewed as the ideal setting for the prevention and management of common chronic diseases. Quality improvement collaboratives (QICs) have emerged as a popular and effective strategy for accelerating quality improvement (QI) processes and reducing gaps between best and...

Using Online News Media to Assess Community and Public Health Responses to COVID-19

2019/20-2020/21 • $500,000 • PI,CO
Canada has played a leading role in developing computer-based systems for scanning news on the internet to detect signals of infectious diseases. We will work with he Public Health Agency of Canada and the World Health Organization to develop artificial intelligence methods for analyzing news on...

Accuracy and generalizability of using automated methods for identifying adverse events from electronic health record data

2016/17-2020/21 • $313,775 • PI,CO
Adverse events (AEs) are injuries caused by medical management rather than by the underlying condition of the patient. AEs are estimated to occur in 2.9% to 16.6% of all acute care hospitalizations, and studies have suggested that 30% to 58% of all AEs are preventable. Preventable AEs are a...

Population Health Informatics

2019/20-2020/21 • $250,000 • PI
The exponential increase in the amount of health data together with rapid advances in computing power and statistical and artificial intelligence methods has created an unprecedented opportunity to exploit these ¿Big Data¿ to guide actions like controlling disease epidemics and improving...

Surveilling the impact of local public health on COVID- 19: A model and application for capturing high-resolution insights from the front-lines during a pandemic

2020/21 • $180,611 • PI,CO,Other
Local public health units, which are often buried within large health care authorities or municipal governments, have proved to be indispensable during the COVID-19 pandemic. In cities and towns throughout Canada, local public health units are responsible for implementing provincial and federal...

AI for public health (AI4PH): A focus on equity and prevention

2019/20-2020/21 • $162,250 • PI,CO
The vision of the Artificial Intelligence for Public Health (AI4PH) Summer Institute is to enable participants to apply AI innovations in public health research with a health equity focus. Our goal is to develop, deliver, and disseminate a comprehensive set of resources for teaching how...

Predicting risk of death from prescription opioids using Quebec health administrative data

2017/18-2020/21 • $115,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Deaths due to prescription opioids (PO) are rising dramatically in North America. In the USA, there are now 45,000 deaths annually due to PO overdose, more than the number of deaths due to motor vehicle crashes. Given the magnitude of this public health problem, it is critical to identify...

COVID-19 Variant Network - Evaluating the differential impact of what we have done, as we prioritize what to do next: a multi-provincial intervention modeling study using population-based data

2020/21 • $100,000 • PI,CO
In Canada, as elsewhere, the COVID-19 epidemic has spread at varying speeds and amplitudes across people, places, and time. Early model predictions were dire across the board largely because of limited local data. So early models had to assume that we were all at equal risk, regardless of...

Identifying and mitigating bias in machine learning models used in population health

2020/21 • $100,000 • PI,CO
Machine learning (ML) is a form of artificial intelligence that has increasingly been used over the last decade in a variety of sectors, as computing power and the availability of data has increased exponentially. ML applies algorithms to vast amounts of data, and through doing so, are...

The effects, costs, and cost-effectiveness of Montreal's harm reduction interventions for people who inject drugs

2020/21 • $59,288 • PI,CO
Background: Montreal, Quebec has one of the largest populations of PWID in the country (n~4000), and despite offering a variety of harm reduction interventions (e.g. supervised injection facilities (SIFs), needle and syringe programs (NSPs), and opioid agonist treatment (OAT)) continues to...

COVID-19 Variant Supplement - Evaluating the differential impact of what we have done, as we prioritize what to do next: a multi-provincial intervention modeling study using population-based data

2020/21 • $50,000 • PI,CO
In Canada, as elsewhere, the COVID-19 epidemic has spread at varying speeds and amplitudes across people, places, and time. Early model predictions were dire across the board largely because of limited local data. So early models had to assume that we were all at equal risk, regardless of...

Reducing post-discharge adverse drug events amongst the elderly: a multi-centre electronic deprescribing intervention

2016/17-2019/20 • $1,662,789 • PI,CO
Polypharmacy, or the concomitant use of 5 drugs or more, is a serious health concern and affects more than half of Canadians aged 65 years and older. It is the number one identifiable risk factor for adverse drug events (ADEs), which are responsible for 27,000 hospital admissions annually in...

Canadian Network for Advanced Interdisciplinary Methods for Prospective Studies of Drug Safety and Effectiveness

2014/15-2019/20 • $1,276,093 • PI,CO
Medication use and health costs increase steadily with the aging of the Canadian population and the ever expanding number of medications available on the market. Overall, new treatments contribute to the increasing life expectancy and improved health of Canadians. However, some medications...

A Novel Method for Pharmacosurveillance: Combining an Electronic Prescribing and Drug Management System and Administrative Database

2010/11-2019/20 • $1,024,708 • PI,CO
Medications are the most frequent causes of preventable adverse events including illness, and death. Drugs do not have complete information on safety and effectiveness at the time of market approval. Present-day adverse drug reaction monitoring systems rely on health professionals to report and...

E-Health Interventions in Public Health

2014/15-2019/20 • $925,000 • PI
We all use information to make decisions. In our daily life, we have seen remarkable gains in the ease with which we can access information. Unfortunately, similar advances in information access have not occurred in public health practice, where it is often difficult to access necessary...

Developing Longitudinal Indicators for Population-Scale Monitoring of Health Care Trajectories

2016/17-2019/20 • $180,000 • PI,CO
Health system managers track the health of Canadians using health indicators; one example of an indicator is the number of people admitted to hospital with COPD (a severe lung condition). Although the COPD admission indicator can identify hospitals or regions with more admissions than average,...

Exposing a silent epidemic: developing methods that use administrative health data to conduct feasible and accurate traumatic brain injury surveillance across jurisdictions

2016/17-2018/19 • $150,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Traumatic brain injury (TBI or head injury) has a devastating impact on Canadians and populations abroad. Reducing this disease burden requires accurate monitoring of the occurrence of these injuries since it informs prevention strategies and justifies the allocation of needed health resources....

Évaluation des systèmes de surveillance intégrée de la résistance aux antimicrobiens à l'interface homme-animal

2016/17-2018/19 • $118,996 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
La resistance aux antimicrobiens (RAM) est une menace majeure pour la sante humaine et animale, et a des repercussions economiques importantes. Afin de pouvoir detecter rapidement l'emergence de nouveaux agents resistants et mettre en place des interventions permettant d'arreter leur...

SynthEco: Synthetic Ecosystems for Expanding Cohort Data to Full Population-Level Representation and Visualization for Decision Support: A Novel Methodology to Improve Urban Population Health

2018/19 • $99,996 • PI,CO,Other
To answer questions in urban planning and population-level health interventions such as where to place services, where to target health interventions, and how to increase equity in services, planners and researchers need tools providing granular, geographically and temporally resolved...

The Canadian Cohort of Obstructive Lung Disease (CanCOLD) and the Canadian Urban Environmental Health Research Consortium (CANUE): regrouping strengths to create healthier environments to prevent COPD

2018/19 • $98,000 • PI,CO
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive condition in which constant cough, secretions and shortness of breath negatively impact patients' quality of life. Although the main identified cause of COPD is cigarette smoking, other environmental factors may play a role in the...

Developing a novel indicator to measure the advertising of unhealthy food to children

2018/19 • $97,500 • PI,CO,Other
Canada has recently passed Bill S-228 An Act to amend the Food and Drugs Act (prohibiting food and beverage marketing directed at children) known as the Child Health Protection Act. This law will be reviewed by Parliament 5 years after it comes into effect. In order to assess how this new law...

Pratiques réflexives pour une meilleure utilisation des opioïdes dans le traitement des lombalgies

2017/18-2018/19 • $25,292 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Les lombalgies sont la principale cause d'annees vecues avec incapacite a travers le monde et constituent l'une des raisons les plus courantes pour la recherche de soins de sante. Cette problematique represente le diagnostic le plus courant pour lequel les medecins prescrivent des opioides....

McGill University - Master's Award: Dr. James Rossiter MPH Practicum Award Program

2018/19 • $6,016 • PI
Unspecified/Non Spécifié

Canadian Immunization Research Network

2014/15-2017/18 • $6,934,165 • PI,CO,Other
The Canadian Immunization Research Network (CIRN) represents over 100 investigators from more than 40 Canadian institutions, comprising leading experts in vaccine-related evaluative research from a wide array of disciplines. CIRN facilitates collaborative research among vaccine researchers and...

Information systems-enabled outreach program for Adverse Drug Events

2012/13-2017/18 • $799,593 • PI,CO
One of the most common health care interventions in any healthcare setting is a medication prescription. Unfortunately, up to 25% of outpatient prescriptions are associated with adverse drug events (ADEs). ADEs decrease patient health directly and can lead to non-adherence, which in turn have...

Use of Social Media and Crowdsourcing data analytics to increase Drug Safety and Public Awareness

2016/17-2017/18 • $478,275 • PI
Prescription drugs help many people to live better lives, but sometimes the same drugs can have unexpected adverse effects. If an adverse effects is serious or occurring frequently, drug regulators in the federal government need to know so that can advise doctors and patients and possibly change...

Intelligent Interventions

2017/18 • $20,000 • PI
People working in public health organizations must make decisions about what programs to put in place to help prevent illness and promote health. Ideally, these people should evidence from research to inform their decisions. However, it can be challenging for public health workers to find...

Planning for Syndemics

2017/18 • $19,375 • PI,CO
Infections can evolve more quickly than either their human hosts or society can respond, creating ever-changing risks to health. Similarly, artificial intelligence tools being developed to explore data are evolving faster than people or society can absorb. In public health, data platforms are...

New Statistical Methods for Population-based Studies of Comparative Effectiveness and Safety of Medications: Development, Validation and Applications

2011/12-2016/17 • $695,137 • PI,CO
Medication use and health care costs increase steadily with the aging of Western societies, and the ever increasing number of drugs available on the market. Overall, new drugs and treatments contribute to the improvement of the population health and increasing life expectancy. However, there are...

Foundational Work for a Brain-to-Society Diagnostic for Prevention of Childhood Obesity and its Chronic Diseases Consequences

2010/11-2015/16 • $499,730 • PI,CO
This proposed 5-year program under the leadership of a collaborative Canada-India translational research team intends to support action on the ground in the development of a breakthrough approach to prevent childhood obesity. The main objective of the proposed program is to examine the...

Improving patient safety by optimizing the use of nursing human resources

2013/14-2015/16 • $196,980 • PI,CO
Each year, adverse events (AEs) are responsible of 44,000 to 98,000 deaths in acute care hospitals, and it is estimated that 30% to 40% of all AEs are preventable. Recent ecological studies have suggested that understaffing, the use of less qualified nursing staff and of high volumes of overtime...

Developing Advanced Methods for Population-Based Comparative Effectiveness Studies

2011/12-2014/15 • $950,000 • PI,CO
Medication use and health care costs increase steadily with the aging of the Canadian society and the ever increasing number of medications available on the market. Overall, new drugs and treatments contribute to the improvement of population health and increasing life expectancy. However, it is...

Public Health Informatics

2010/11-2014/15 • $425,000 • PI
My research will develop and evaluate innovative computational methods for detecting and responding to disease epidemics. These methods will be able to scan large health databases and allow public health personnel to detect disease epidemics rapidly and to initiate effective epidemic control...

Accuracy of using automated methods of adverse events detection

2011/12-2014/15 • $199,954 • PI,CO
Each year, adverse events (AEs) are responsible of 44,000 to 98,000 deaths in acute care hospitals, and it is estimated that 30% to 40% of all AEs are preventable. Recent research suggests that understaffing and the use of less qualified nursing staff are important contributors to the incidence...

Evaluating Syndromic Surveillance in Public Health Practice: Detecting Waterborne Disease Outbreaks

2012/13-2014/15 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Large waterborne disease outbreaks occur regularly in Canada and other countries, resulting in considerable morbidity, mortality, and cost. Public health surveillance is critical to detect outbreaks when water treatment fails. If outbreaks are detected rapidly, interventions, such as boil-water...

CIHR Team in Microsimulation Modeling of the Impact of Health Interventions and Policies

2010/11-2013/14 • $1,059,190 • PI,CO
In many scientific disciplines, studies that predict what would happen in the future have contributed to our understanding of the world and the value of strategies to modify the likely course of events. The benefits of predictive models can be seen in estimating the impact of human activity on...

An empirical evaluation of the health effects of shifting patterns of drug abuse: using multiple surveillance data sources to link illicit use, harm and treatment

2010/11-2013/14 • $350,390 • PI,CO
The use of illegal drugs imposes a devastating cost on Canadians, both in terms of lives lost and dollars spent. More recently, the abuse of prescription opioids (POs) has captured media headlines and the attention of the medical community. Since the early 2000s, the rate of prescribing opioids...

Privacy preserving methods for sharing longitudinal electronic health records

2010/11-2012/13 • $331,324 • PI,CO
Increasingly, vast amounts of personal health information is being collected in electronic medical records. This information can be very beneficial for many other purposes in addition to providing care, for example, research and public health. Researchers can investigate, say, the impact of...

Strategies for Protecting Vulnerable Canadian Populations from Emerging Infectious Diseases

2011/12-2012/13 • $228,508 • PI,CO
Despite its relatively mild nature, the 2009 influenza A (H1N1) pandemic had a disproportionate impact on Canadian vulnerable and underserved populations, including indigenous Aboriginal people (First Nations, Inuit, and Metis) and remote and isolated communities. Protecting these populations...

Non-communicable disease indicators for use in a Population Health Record (PopHR): development and validation

2011/12-2012/13 • $199,855 • PI,CO
Changes in diet and activity and an aging population are causing dramatic increases in the occurrence of chronic disease such as diabetes, heart disease, and stroke. In response, public health researchers and practitioners are attempting to find ways to prevent these diseases, but their work is...

PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network

2010/11-2011/12 • $7,897,246 • PI,CO
The PHAC/CIHR Influenza Research Network (PCIRN) will provide a pan-Canadian research network to undertake applied public health research in preparation for and during an influenza pandemic. PCIRN will address 5 objectives to test methodologies for the performance of rapid clinical trials, to...

Evidence-based algorithm selection in public health surveillance

2010/11-2011/12 • $294,492 • PI,CO
In recent years, many public health agencies have started to operate automated surveillance systems. Due to the large volume of data, surveillance analysts are not able to review all data manually. Instead, they use statistical algorithms that screen the data automatically and issue alerts to...

Wintertime Seasonality of Influenza and Invasive Bacterial Disease: Influence of Environment, Pathogen Interactions, Time Scales, and Geography

2010/11-2011/12 • $227,611 • PI,CO
It has been known for more than 100 years that flu, and severe lung and brain infections, happen more often in wintertime. Little is known about why this is so. If we understood these patterns better, we could better plan for changes in medical care and public health service needs in different...

Knowledge-Based Detection of Hospital Acquired Infections

2010/11-2011/12 • $218,060 • PI
At least one out of every twenty people admitted to a Canadian hospital will acquire an infection. These hospital-acquired infections (HAI) have a profound individual and system toll, resulting in thousands of deaths and hundreds of millions of dollars in additional expenses each year....

Implementation of a hospital based method of adverse event surveillance

2010/11-2011/12 • $144,001 • PI,CO
Adverse events (AE) are poor outcomes caused by medical care. Adverse events are a major concern regarding improving the safety of the health care system as they effect up to 10% of hospitalized patients. To define solutions to prevent adverse events we must first detect them. We have designed...

Health disparities: Intergenerational dynamics and evidence-based assessment strategies (acronym is HD: IDEAS)

2010/11 • $189,508 • PI,CO
Despite the high level of health achieved by the Canadian population as a whole, certain population subgroups such as Aboriginals and the poor bear a disproportionate burden of some diseases. The purpose of this research is to bring together scientists from a range of different disciplines to...

Understanding the keys to tuberculosis: Exposure to infection, and infection to disease

2010/11 • $180,850 • PI,CO
NOT REQUIRED FOR FULL APPLICATION

Improving outpatient prescribing using an interactive voice response system

2010/11 • $147,910 • PI,CO
Patients may experience harm from prescribed medications due to adverse drug reactions or prescribing errors. Collectively, such medicine-induced harm is termed adverse drug events. In addition to the potential for direct harm, adverse drug events may lead to harm indirectly if the patient stops...

Evaluating syndromic surveillance in public health practice

2010/11 • $29,101 • PI,CO
In the last decade, Canada and other developed countries have experienced large waterborne disease outbreaks. Government panels and expert reviews conducted after these disasters have all concluded that Canada must improve its public health surveillance systems. Surveillance may be improved by...

Canada Research Chair in Public Health Informatics

2010/11 • $25,000 • PI
Canadas public health system has experienced profound failures in information management in the face of crises such as the SARS epidemic. These failures have caused avoidable illness and death. The goal of the research program is to develop and evaluate novel approaches for improving...

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