An overview of the literature on emerging pollutants: Chlorinated derivatives of Bisphenol A (ClxBPA)

Environment International, Vol. 153 (2021)

Mots clés
Auteurs
  • N. Plattard
  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, CresP, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada; INSERM CIC1402, CHU Poitiers, Université de Poitiers, HEDEX Research Group, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France
  • A. Dupuis
  • INSERM CIC1402, CHU Poitiers, Université de Poitiers, HEDEX Research Group, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France; Biology-Pharmacy-Public Health Department, CHU de Poitiers, 2 rue de la Milétrie, 86201 Poitiers Cedex, France
  • V. Migeot
  • INSERM CIC1402, CHU Poitiers, Université de Poitiers, HEDEX Research Group, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France
  • S. Haddad
  • Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, School of Public Health, CresP, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada
  • N. Venisse
  • INSERM CIC1402, CHU Poitiers, Université de Poitiers, HEDEX Research Group, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France; Biology-Pharmacy-Public Health Department, CHU de Poitiers, 2 rue de la Milétrie, 86201 Poitiers Cedex, France; Corresponding author at: INSERM CIC1402, CHU Poitiers, HEDEX Research Group, 2 rue de la Milétrie, 86021 Poitiers Cedex, France.

Résumé

Context: Bisphenol A (BPA) is a ubiquitous contaminant with endocrine-disrupting effects in mammals. During chlorination treatment of drinking water, aqueous BPA can react with chlorine to form chlorinated derivatives of BPA (mono, di, tri and tetra-chlorinated derivatives) or ClxBPA. Objective: The aim of this study is to summarize and present the state of knowledge on human toxicological risk assessment of ClxBPA. Materials and Methods: A search on ClxBPA in the PubMed database was performed based on studies published between 2002 and 2021. Forty-nine studies on chlorinated derivatives of BPA were found. Available information on their sources and levels of exposure, their effects, their possible mechanisms of action and their toxicokinetics data was extracted and presented. Results: ClxBPA have been essentially detected in environmental aqueous media. There is evidence in toxicological and epidemiological studies that ClxBPA also have endocrine-disrupting capabilities. These emerging pollutants have been found in human urine, serum, breast milk, adipose and placental tissue and can constitute a risk to human health. However, in vitro and in vivo toxicokinetic data on ClxBPA are scarce and do not allow characterization of the disposition kinetics of these compounds. Conclusion: More research to assess their health risks, specifically in vulnerable populations, is needed. Some water chlorination processes are particularly hazardous, and it is important to evaluate their chlorination by-products from a public health perspective.

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