Integrating Emerging Polymer Chemistries for the Advancement of Recyclable, Biodegradable, and Biocompatible Electronics

Advanced Science, Vol. 8 (2021)

Mots clés
Auteurs
  • Jerika A. Chiong
  • Department of Chemistry Stanford University Stanford CA 94305‐5025 USA
  • Helen Tran
  • Department of Chemistry University of Toronto Toronto ON M5S 3H6 Canada
  • Yangju Lin
  • Department of Chemical Engineering Stanford University Stanford CA 94305‐5025 USA
  • Yu Zheng
  • Department of Chemistry Stanford University Stanford CA 94305‐5025 USA
  • Zhenan Bao
  • Department of Chemical Engineering Stanford University Stanford CA 94305‐5025 USA

Résumé

Abstract Through advances in molecular design, understanding of processing parameters, and development of non‐traditional device fabrication techniques, the field of wearable and implantable skin‐inspired devices is rapidly growing interest in the consumer market. Like previous technological advances, economic growth and efficiency is anticipated, as these devices will enable an augmented level of interaction between humans and the environment. However, the parallel growing electronic waste that is yet to be addressed has already left an adverse impact on the environment and human health. Looking forward, it is imperative to develop both human‐ and environmentally‐friendly electronics, which are contingent on emerging recyclable, biodegradable, and biocompatible polymer technologies. This review provides definitions for recyclable, biodegradable, and biocompatible polymers based on reported literature, an overview of the analytical techniques used to characterize mechanical and chemical property changes, and standard policies for real‐life applications. Then, various strategies in designing the next‐generation of polymers to be recyclable, biodegradable, or biocompatible with enhanced functionalities relative to traditional or commercial polymers are discussed. Finally, electronics that exhibit an element of recyclability, biodegradability, or biocompatibility with new molecular design are highlighted with the anticipation of integrating emerging polymer chemistries into future electronic devices.

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