General Motors of Canada

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Projets de recherche récents

Structural evolution of electrode materials and mitigation of degradation by mn-trapping in li-ion batteries via complementary characterization methods and mathematical modeling

2016/17-2019/20 • $798,000
The proposed research projects build on our multi-university team's success with regard to developing advanced characterization, diagnostic and modeling strategies for lithium ion battery (LIB) material analysis. Through the Automotive Partnerships Canada (APC) program (2012-2016) we emphasized...

Safety assurance at GM and using model management to support it

2017/18-2019/20 • $724,500
When a vehicle is designed, the car maker - the Original Equipment Manufacturer (OEM) - makes every effortto ensure that the vehicle will be safe and reliable. As vehicles have increased in complexity with the additionof software-enabled hybrid powertrains and Advanced Driver Assistance Systems,...

Process evaluation of long-glass fibre reinforced polyamides by compression moulding

2018/19-2019/20 • $428,618
This research project will develop and verify simulations of thermoplastic compression molding of sheet based composite materials. The project will have multiple phases including a first phase of generation of experimental results for validation in future simulations of both part molding and...

Detection and Impact Analyses of Feature Interactions

2018/19-2019/20 • $329,233
A common strategy for dealing with the complexity of large software systems is to decompose the system into smaller sub-systems that can be tackled more easily. Feature-based decomposition is a type of functional decomposition, in which features are units of functionality that can be considered,...

Robust metallic lithium anode protected by advanced atomic/molecular layer deposition techniques for next-generation battery technology

2017/18-2019/20 • $240,000
The proposed project targets the development of advanced nanostructured coating materials that address challenges of formation of lithium (Li) dendrite of metal lithium used in next-generation Li ion batteries for energy storage. This innovative research project will take full advantage of Dr....

Lightweighting using multi-materials and parts integration

2017/18-2019/20 • $240,000
The automotive industry is facing significant challenges for next-generation vehicle design as fuel economy regulations and tailpipe emission standards continue to strive for greater efficiency. In order to ensure vehicle design reaches these sustainability targets, lightweighting through...

Computational Human Finite Element Models in Trauma Biomechanics for Enhanced Safety and Injury Prevention

2019/20 • $178,241
Accidental injury is a leading cause of preventable hospitalization and fatality in Canada and throughout the world (Canada's Road Safety Strategy 2025). The World Health Organization estimates 1.2 million fatalities and up to 50 million injuries per year, globally, resulting from road traffic...

Optimizing Hybrid Electric Powertrains for Connected and Automated Vehicles (CAV)

2019/20 • $48,475
General Motors of Canada Company (GM) and University of Waterloo (UW) will research two important aspects of vehicle design with respect to connected and automated vehicles (CAV): (i) the effects of connected and automated vehicles on real-world driving habits that in turn influences powertrain...

Human intent recognition for smart vehicles

2019/20 • $25,000
In this project, General Motors of Canada Company (GM Canada) and the research team will investigate the applicability of machine learning algorithms for human behavior identification and/or human intent recognition. We will identify data sources available in modern vehicles, characterize these...

Designing in-vehicle infotainment systems: understanding driver mental models and system use

2019/20 • $24,990
GM Canada is a major Canadian automotive manufacturer, with many plants and research centers in Ontario. Of strategic importance to the company is its line of in-vehicle infotainment systems. An infotainment system is a collection of hardware and software in vehicles that users interact with via...

Structural long-fibre thermoplastics for automotive applications

2014/15-2018/19 • $925,035
The aim of this proposed research program is to establish the ability to manufacture a structural automotive component from a material with a density less than any structural metal using a process that is capable of meeting the cycle times required by the mainstream automotive market. The...

Engendering success in STEM: a research consortium for gender equality in science and technology

2016/17-2018/19 • $706,516
Science and technology fields power the economy and provide highly rewarding careers, yet most of these jobs are held by men. Attracting more women to Science, Technology, Engineering, and Math (STEM) can address labour shortages, foster innovation through diversity, and counteract gender...

Smart graphene-based composites for high-energy and self-healing lithium-ion batteries

2016/17-2018/19 • $487,200
Lithium based rechargeable battery technologies have become the focal point of research to fulfill the requirements of electric vehicles (EVs). The most commonly used LIBs utilize graphite and transition metal oxides as anode and cathode materials, respectively. Such a battery can only provide...

Analysis, design and control of collaborative robots for extended reach dexterous assembly

2016/17-2018/19 • $363,666
Assembly represents a significant portion of the effort required for the manufacturing of complex products. Since assembly requires a high level of dexterity and flexibility, it is still generally performed by human operators. Human operators, however, are limited by ergonomic constraints such...

Bridging the gap between laboratory ready and consumer ready next generation plug-in hybrid electric powertrains

2014/15-2018/19 • $281,332
General Motors of Canada Limited (GM) and University of Waterloo (UW) will investigate two important aspects of vehicle design: (i) the effect of real-world driving habits on powertrain design, and (ii) investigation of the differences between the laboratories based design to consumer ready...

Next generation high performance electrified automobile research and development through the ecoCAR 3 partnership program

2015/16-2018/19 • $280,000
The McMaster EcoCAR 3 Research Program (MERP) is a collaborative research and development project between McMaster University and General Motors (GM) of Canada on the next generation of high performance electrified automobiles. A paradigm shift from conventional internal combustion engine...

Modelling the behavior of adhesive joints for lightweight structures

2018/19 • $24,770
Adhesives are playing an increasing role in car assembly. They can contribute to weight reduction by replacing*mechanical fasteners, and can be used to join dissimilar materials (like steel, aluminium, magnesium,*composites, etc). However, innovative assemblies design require the use of accurate...

Long-lived, high energy density and low-cost lithium-ion batteries for automotive, grid energy and medical applications

2012/13-2017/18 • $1,802,821
Lithium-ion batteries for automotive applications must meet more stringent requirements thau those forportable electronics. In particular, they must last for 10 years, sustain over 3000 charge discharge cycles andwithstand extremes of temperature. Automotive applications demand Li-ion batteries...

On the development of next generation heat-resistant aluminum alloys for cylinder head and piston applications

2014/15-2017/18 • $1,144,030
To compete successfully on the global scale, automotive manufacturers must develop superior processes to deliver parts cost-effectively, with the requisite properties. Casting is the most feasible near net shape manufacturing process in this context. The choice of alloy, process and heat...

High resolution in situ imaging and inverse modeling of lithium batteries

2015/16-2017/18 • $567,780
This proposal brings together a multi-disciplinary team of researchers to develop novel experimental methods for characterizing transport in lithium ion battery electrolytes, and to model the performance of the electrolytes under a range of conditions that mimic real-world driving conditions....

Multi-material and multi-joint topology optimization for automotive lightweight design

2013/14-2017/18 • $491,300
With new government regulations on fuel efficiency and C02 emissions, automotive manufacturers are undertremendous pressure to reduce vehicle mass drastically. As an example, OEMs have to significantly improve vehiclemileage through a series of steps beginning in 2016 through to 2025 due to the...

Advanced human neck models with active musculature for enhanced vehicle safety

2015/16-2017/18 • $310,999
Accidental injury is a leading cause of hospitalization and fatality throughout the world. The World Health Organization estimates 1.2 million fatalities and up to 50 million injuries per year, globally, resulting from road traffic accidents. Crash Induced Injuries are recognized as preventable...

Catalysis Research for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (CARPE-FC)

2013/14-2016/17 • $4,000,000
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are being aggressively developed as clean energy conversiondevices. Promising near-term market applications include materials handling (e.g., fork lifts), backup power,residential co-generation, fleet vehicles (e.g., buses, taxis), and pOltable...

Sustainable lightweighting technologies: High strength high crush efficiency extruded aluminum front rails for lightweight bodies

2012/13-2016/17 • $2,566,380
This project will address the design and optimization, material selection and texture development, and manufacturing ofa one-piece extruded front rail intended for mass production within mid-size cars, such as the Chevrolet Malibu,Chevrolet Impala and Buick Regal after 2017. Apart from the...

Nanoscale, hybrid and multifunctional coatings on advanced cathode materials for high-performance li ion batteries used in electric vehicles

2014/15-2016/17 • $483,000
The objective of this proposed research will apply nanotechnology to address the key challenges in development of high performance lithium ion batteries used for electric vehicles. Through creative and innovative applications of novel nanocoating materials, Western's Dr. Sun/Dr. Sham and GM...

Evaluating the use of N-heterocyclic carbenes in corrosion resistant coatings for aluminum and magnesium alloys

2014/15-2016/17 • $458,553
To develop the next generation of efficient automobiles, an extensive ongoing effort in the automotive industryis to reduce the vehicle mass. As such, one of the most promising avenues under examination is to employalloys of aluminum (Al) and more interestingly magnesium (Mg), which is the...

Ergonomics evaluation of right angle power tools

2014/15-2016/17 • $220,029
Presented is a plan to accurately quantify the physical demands associated with Right-Angle Power-Tool operation and then compare those measures to physically acceptable limits during ergonomics analyses. It has been estimated that approximately 70% of operators in automotive assembly use...

Engine tribology: minimizing friction in lightweight combustion engines

2014/15-2016/17 • $180,000
Tribology is central to future developments in transport and energy efficient systems. The reduction in fuel consumption and control of emissions and in modern combustion engine components made of lightweight alloys require fundamental understanding of tribological processes at all scales. The...

Exploitation of Opportunistic Spectrum for Vehicular Communication Systems

2014/15-2016/17 • $180,000
Vehicular communication systems (VCS) are an emerging information and communication technology aimed to improve road safety, support intelligent transportation, and provide infotainment services to users on roads. Various R&D activities around the globe have been carrying out in recent years for...

Network for the engineering of complex software intensive systems for automotive systems - NECSIS

2010/11-2015/16 • $10,575,000
Software-Intensive Systems provide mission-critical control and coordination among the wide variety of hardware components that make modern high-technology systems possible. Major industries, such as transportation, communications, aerospace, and health are now heavily dependent on...

Next generation electric vehicles: development of key technologies and full vehicle testing

2010/11-2015/16 • $3,568,000
Rising expectations for vehicle efficiency, safety, sustainability, and comfort are the primary market drivers in the global automotive industry today. It is highly anticipated that development of leading-edge technological solutions that will both enhance fuel efficiency and reduce harmful...

In Situ studies of electrochemical processes in automotive materials

2011/12-2015/16 • $2,346,484
This research program brings together a team of researchers, whose objective is to use in situ techniques to characterize the meso-, nano- and moiecular scale processes that govern device performance in materiais for rechargeable lithium ion batteries. General Motors has identified the...

Predicting corrosion of magnesium alloys with complex microstructure and reactivity

2011/12-2015/16 • $973,100
The automobile industry is a key component of the Canadian economy. If this industry is to prosper while simultaneously reducing its environmental impact the development of non-gasoline powered vehicles with an economically viable range before recharging is required. One key way to achieve this...

Performance and reliability study of DSRC supported vehicular applications

2012/13-2015/16 • $248,000
Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communications are gaining increasing importance in vehicular applications. This project will study state-of-the-art service/protocol for V2V and V2I communications and focus on evaluating the reliability and performance of data...

Development of an active trailer differential braking system for car-trailer combinations

2015/16 • $25,000
The objective of the project is to develop a conceptual design of active trailer differential braking (ATDB) systems for car-trailer combinations. Despite the safety increases provided by electronic stability control (ESC) systems, nearly all these devices are designed for single-unit vehicles...

Development of climatic testing techniques for e-bikes, and cross-wind aerodynamic studies

2015/16 • $25,000
General Motors Canada (or GM) has recognized that the significance of e-bike use as an integral part of the urban mobility of the future can no longer be ignored. To promote mass adoption of the integration of e-bikes with cars, GM has identified that issues of comfort, riding stability,...

Evaluating human performance and the physical demands associated with cycling in simulated environments

2015/16 • $24,875
Cycling is a popular mode of transportation and a desired choice for exercise and fitness enthusiasts. The future of cycling is now recognized as an integral part of urban mobility and global electric-assisted (e-bike) production and sales are increasing rapidly. Future e-bike design must focus...

CHARM: Collaborative, Human-focused, Assistive Robotics for Manufacturing

2011/12-2014/15 • $621,033
The factory of the future will use smart machines to enable, support, and enhance the capabilities of highly skilled workers at their many tasks - increasing their ability to rapidly react to product line changes and simultaneously produce customized, high quality products. Such factories will...

Integrated study and model development for non-oriented electrical steels: material microstructure and magnetic properties

2011/12-2014/15 • $510,750
Energy diversity is quickly becoming a necessity for our society and will lead to significant changes to our everyday lives. One predicted change is the development and integration of electric vehicles into the North American transportation industry. Currently, engineers and scientists are...

Synthesis, control and experimental validation of a robotic helping hand for manufacturing applications

2012/13-2014/15 • $261,000
This research initiative aims at developing a safe and reliable advanced robotic assistant (helping hand) capable of interacting with human operators in the performance of manipulation and assembly tasks. The robotic helping hand's physical capabilities (forces, range of motion) will be...

Origins of strength and ductility in Mg-RE solid solutions

2011/12-2014/15 • $248,790
The present proposal would allow development of systematic research efforts, which focus on the structure-property relationship in Mg-based Rare-Earth (RE) solid solution alloys of industrial importance. The studies will be carried out on binary systems, which include series of Mg-Gd, Mg-Y,...

Nanostructured silicon/carbon composites as anode materials for lithium-ion batteries

2011/12-2014/15 • $248,666
The purpose of this research involes adopting nanotechnology to introduce novel solutions for the currentissues of energy density and cycle capabilities that lithium (Li) ion batteries are facing to be applied for electricvehicles (EVs). The objective of this project is to develop high capacity,...

Formability Enhancements of Automotive CC and DC Magnesium Sheet Materials Using Prestrain Annealing Technology

2010/11-2014/15 • $243,380
Magnesium sheet is a promising material for automotive body applications. Experimental and numerical studies of formability of Direct Chill (DC) cast and Continuously Cast (CC) AZ31 magnesium sheet are proposed. These studies will investigate and exploit the prestrain annealing methodology and...

Development of novel Fe-based permanent magnets for high temperature applications

2013/14-2014/15 • $212,267
This project is in collaboration with General Motors of Canada. It aims at identifying, characterizing and developing low-cost Fe-based permanent magnets for high temperature applications. Such magnets are needed for the automotive industry, mainly for the electric motors in addition to other...

Compact directional antenna for 2.4 GHz ISM band

2014/15 • $25,000
With the current advances in communication technology and tremendous growth in the wireless communication market and consumer demands, there is a critical need for smaller more reliable, and power-efficient integrated wireless systems. As we migrate towards 5G system ("internet of everything"...

NSERC Magnesium Network (NSERC MagNET)

2010/11-2013/14 • $3,501,375
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Thermal management system technology development for extended range electric vehicles

2010/11-2013/14 • $653,144
Extended Range Electric Vehicles (EREV's) represent a promising new era in automotivetransportation. However, EREV's are currently limited by the lack of energy efficient and costeffective heating and cooling systems. Because the thermal management systems are electricallypowered, vehicle range...

Porous, hollow, dendrite Pt-based nanostructures for low-cost and high-performance PEM fuel cells

2011/12-2013/14 • $294,000
There is a growing awareness that nanoscience and nanotechnology can have a profound impact on energy generation, storage, and utilization. Nanotechnology-based solutions are being developed for a wide range of energy problems such as: solar cells, hydrogen generation and storage, batteries, and...

Development of a Sn-based nanostructured anodes for high performance lithium ion batteries

2010/11-2013/14 • $284,600
Over the past few years, there has been a dramatic increase of interest in large scale batteries for energy storage, especially for the transportation sector including electric vehicles (EVs) and hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs). However, current commercial cathode and anode materials of lithium...

Multiscale modelling of instabilities and localized deformation phenomena in aluminum and magnesium alloys during pure bending

2011/12-2013/14 • $229,330
The economic and environmental benefits of increased fuel economy and reduced emissions are constantly driving the auto sector to reduce the vehicle weight. In this regard, light metals such as Aluminum and Magnesium alloys, for automotive parts are attractive candidates. The major drawback of...

Modelling Automotive Spray Painting

2010/11-2013/14 • $186,600
Painting is a very important step in production of automobiles. Robot manipulators are used to move paint atomizers along paths optimized to minimize cycle time and avoid material waste. If the spraying process is not done properly the paint layer obtained may be unacceptable, typically because...

Automatic assembly plan optimization with both location and sequence variables

2011/12-2013/14 • $145,420
Auto body assembly is a key process for large Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEM's) such as GeneralMotor (GM) Canada. The process plan for auto body assembly is important to ensure the final assemblydimensional quality, which is affected by locations of fixtures and welds, as well as their...

Graphene-Sn nanocomposites for Li-ion battert anodes

2010/11-2013/14 • $129,245
A highly efficient means to store electrical energy is an important component for a sustainable energy solution. Our goal is to deliver graphene-based anodes for lithium ion batteries for high capacity storage, in collaboration with the largest Canadian automotive manufacturer, General Motors of...

Numerical Optimization of critical parameters in electrostatic painting

2010/11-2013/14 • $115,200
Electrostatic painting and powder coating are well established industrial processes in wide use in theautomobile industry. However a number of challenges exist in achieving maximum transfer efficiencies underall conditions. Furthermore quality control issues such as non-uniform paint coating,...

CAtalysis Research for Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell (CARPE-FC)

2011/12-2012/13 • $1,000,000
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC) are being aggressively developed as clean energy conversion devices. Promising near-term market applications include materials handling (e.g., fork lifts), backup power, residential co-generation, fleet vehicles (e.g., buses, taxis), and pOltable...

Development Of Magnesium Sheet Alloys Processing For Automotive Applications

2010/11-2012/13 • $431,012
One of the biggest contributors to greenhouse gases is transport. One obvious way to reduce the emissions from transportation is by weight reductions. In this respect, magnesium alloys are very promising, since the density of magnesium is two thirds that of aluminum and a quarter that of...

Advanced clutch designs for high efficiency hybrid automotive transmissions

2010/11-2012/13 • $126,990
The phenomenon of "spin loss'' is well known in the automotive industry, for it affects all transmissions, hybrid and otherwise, the challenge in the development of the former being that, in there, every watt gained counts. Spin loss stems from the oil churning around and between the rotating...

Ultra-tight integration of GPS with vehicle sensors for high-sensitivity navigation

2011/12-2012/13 • $114,800
Vehicular navigation using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technology such as the U.S. Global Positioning System (GPS) are becoming ubiquitous, with automotive manufacturers provide onboard systems and with several aftermarket systems currently available. However, the GNSS receivers in...

General Optimal Maintenance Decisions for Mobile Assets

2012/13 • $25,000
Mobile assets are powered industrialized vehicles requiring a driver or operator, and used to lift and transport material across a wide range of business sectors, including automobile manufacturing. General Motors (GM) operates a large fleet of mobile assets in its manufacturing and service...

Development of advanced robotic systems for human augmentation

2010/11-2011/12 • $452,780
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NSERC-GMCL Chair in Innovative design engineering

2010/11-2011/12 • $185,000
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NSERC/General Motors of Canada Industrial Research Chair in Tribology of Lightweight Materials

2011/12 • $150,000
The Industrial Research Chair entitled "Tribology of Lightweight Materials" (NSERC GMIRC), at the University of Windsor is designed to study microstructural basis of friction, wear and adhesion processes that occur in Al and Mg alloys, lightweight materials that are of interest in manufacturing...

Adhesive joint design for fatigue loading

2010/11-2011/12 • $84,435
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Multi-vehicle tracking using GNSS integrated with Ultra-wideband range and onboard orientation sensors

2010/11-2011/12 • $56,805
Vehicle navigation systems are an important component of intelligent transportation systems. Many current vehicle navigation systems rely on the Global Positioning System to obtain vehicle position and heading. While an unaided GPS position coupled with a digital map is effective for locating...

Bridging the gap - a new generation process model for steels by modelling across different length scales

2010/11 • $175,000
This joint UBC-McMaster project brings together a group of Canada's leading Computational Materials Scientists with the goal of developing new process models based on computer modelling techniques spanning the atomistic to the macroscopic materials length-scales. Specifically, this project deals...

Phosphate-based cathode materials for Li-ion batteries

2010/11 • $120,000
Transportation is currently reliant almost exclusively on fossil fuels. However, hybrid electric vehicles (HEV) are starting to make a significant impact on the auto sector. Recent figures show they successfully reduce fuel consumption and emissions. Even better are PHEV's (plug-in HEV's) that...

Microstructure & texture control in extruded Mg alloy tubes

2010/11 • $80,500
Many car and truck frame components are conventionally formed by hydroforming in large presses. If the operation must be carried out at elevated temperatures, then hot gases can be used instead of water. The latter method is particularly applicable to Mg alloys, which have very limited...

Phase relationship calculations in mg alloy design and processing for the automotive industry

2010/11 • $80,471
In this proposed project, in collaboration with GM of Canada, we will develop thermodynamic, phase equilibrium and reaction models to better understand the phase relations in the microstructure, the forming properties and phase reactions during processing, casting and hot rolling of Mg alloys...

Emissions catalysts- Integrating the reaction chemistry

2010/11 • $71,719
Current predictions indicate that the use of diesel and lean-burn gasoline engines in passenger vehicles will increase relative to today's gasoline engines due to their better fuel economy and reduced CO2 emissions. Coincidentally, upcoming environmental policy throughout most of the world is...

Development of novel 3D metal silicide nanowires as electrocatalyst support for low cost and high durability PEM fuel cells

2010/11 • $69,360
Cost and durability are two major roadblocks that have to be overcome before proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system can become economically viable. Current PEMFC technology still suffers from low platinum utilization, limited mass transport capability, and poor electrochemical...

Novel hydrogen storage materials

2010/11 • $53,000
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Inverse methods in computational modeling of welding processes

2010/11 • $40,050
The goal of this project is to continue the development of advanced engineering tools integrating the Optimization Theory with recent progress in mathematical and computational modeling of complex, multi-physics processes involved in industrial welding. We will apply and further elaborate the...

Video-based range estimation for automotive applications: Performance analysis and specification

2010/11 • $39,200
The research that my collaborators and I carry out is in the general area of computer vision, the attempt to endow machines with a sense of sight. From a theoretical point of view this is an important endeavor as it bears on fundamental issues in complex information processing, and may yield...

Secure communication architecture for wireless networks in automotive environments

2010/11 • $37,200
Wireless technologies enabling cellular mobile telephony and wireless Internet access have proliferated to an extent that they are integral parts of our society. Exciting networking paradigms such as wireless ad hoc networks and wireless sensor networks have been studied in significant detail....

Hybrid Polypropylene-Clay Nanocomposites

2010/11 • $20,902
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Jock Smith

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Bemnet Lulie

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Eugene Lau

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Fiona Au

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

MohammadAmin Rajaie

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Patrick Boyo

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Zhe Gong

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

JiaCheng Hu

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Adel Izadbakhsh

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

David Killy

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Wei Wang

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

Linxuan Yang

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

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