Christine T. Chambers

Contact via Dalhousie University

Key Research Areas
Associated Researchers
Associated Organizations

Recent Research Projects

TRajectories Of healthy life using Public Health and primary care Interventions in Canada: The TROPHIC Trial

2017/18-2020/21 • $6,804,917 • PI,CO,Other
The "Developmental Origins of Health and Disease (DOHaD)" hypothesis suggests that a healthy growth and development in pregnancy and early childhood is critical for optimal health and lifetime wellbeing. Yet, Canada's children are falling behind. Nearly 1 in 3 Canadian children are overweight or...

Effective Knowledge Translation Strategies for Enhancing Impact and Improving Outcomes in Infant Pain

2016/17-2020/21 • $2,594,162 • PI,Other
Understanding how to prevent and treat pain in hospitalized infants is critical for healthy behaviour and brain development. Although there has been significant research generating new knowledge on infant pain treatments, research results are not effectively or efficiently translated into...

Design for Better Health: User-Centred Design and Evaluation of Interactive Media for Health Education, Communication and Decision-Making

2016/17-2020/21 • $1,360,236 • PI,Other
This research is about helping people make decisions about their health. I want to help people make decisions that (1) are informed by the best available medical evidence and (2) reflect what matters to the person or people affected by the decision. This can be hard to do. One reason it's hard...

Canada Research Chair in Children's Pain

2015/16-2020/21 • $1,100,000 • PI
Poorly managed pain in children is a serious health problem resulting in unnecessary suffering and long-term negative effects. The aim of this research is to improve the understanding, assessment, and management of childrens pain by examining the contributions of various developmental,...

Needles without tears: Inoculating children against pain and fear

2018/19-2020/21 • $495,790 • PI,CO,Other
Not just a poke, needle pain and related fear are in fact major health concerns. All Canadian children undergo painful needle procedures; hospitalized children undergo multiple procedures daily. Pain causes unnecessary suffering, fear, procedure complications (e.g., fainting, failed procedures),...

NCE - Solutions for Kids in Pain (SKIP)

2018/19-2020/21 • $480,000 • PI
Unspecified/Non Spécifié

Family engagement in research: Evaluation, sustainability and scalability of an online training program for family and research partners in child health research

2020/21 • $71,667 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Internationally, it is recognized that research benefits from meaningful stakeholder involvement. However, how stakeholders (e.g., patients and families) are engaged in research is not self-evident and the demand for such roles has not kept pace with the need for appropriate training. In 2018,...

Managing cancer pain during the opioid crisis: A multidisciplinary, cross-Canada knowledge dissemination and research planning initiative

2019/20 • $20,000 • PI,CO,Other
The opioid crisis is fuelling inadequate cancer pain management. Although there has been an increase in addiction, overdose, and opioid-related death, indication of use is often not considered when these outcomes are reported. Several efforts to curb the crisis (e.g. dose restrictions, forced...

Assessing parents' uptake of evidence-based vaccination pain management strategies and confidence using an electronic knowledge translation tool

2019/20 • $1,500 • PI,Other
Parent-directed knowledge translation (KT) resources for children's vaccination pain management may increase the use of research-based strategies to reduce pain. An electronic, research-based KT resource to inform parents about vaccination pain management was created in partnership with a...

Quantitative Sensory Testing in Pediatric Pain: Methods, Perspectives and Applications

2019/20 • $1,000 • PI,Other
Pain is a significant health issue for children across age groups and medical conditions. In fact, one in five Canadian children experience chronic pain, and two-thirds of these children will go on to experience chronic pain as adults. Unfortunately, the reasons why pain persists is unclear for...

Pediatric Chronic Pain and its Impact on Mothers and Fathers

2016/17-2018/19 • $150,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
It is estimated that as many as 1 in 5 children suffer from chronic pain. Not only can chronic pain impact the health and wellbeing of the child who is affected, but it also has the potential to impact the child's parents and family. The majority of research has focused on the impact that a...

The Ethics of Pain Research, Management, and Policy: A Planning and Knowledge Exchange Meeting

2018/19 • $19,992 • PI,CO,Other
Chronic pain is a major public health problem and a main contributor to the global burden of disease. The challenge of chronic pain exists alongside the current epidemic of opioid-related morbidity and mortality in North America. While advances in neuroscience and technology to identify brain...

Pain and Psychosocial Factors in Pediatric Oncology across the Cancer continuum

2018/19 • $6,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Unspecified/Non Spécifié

Children's Psychological and Behavioral Responses Following Pediatric Intensive Care Unit Hospitalization

2012/13-2017/18 • $929,609 • PI,CO
Pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) hospitalization places children at increased risk of persistent psychological and behavioral difficulties following discharge. More than 210,000 children are admitted to PICUs in North America every year, and despite tremendous advances in sophisticated...

The Role of Siblings in Pediatric Pain

2015/16-2016/17 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
The proposed research explores the impact of pediatric chronic pain on siblings. Although this population has not received much research attention, the findings of preliminary studies suggest having a sibling with chronic pain can have a negative impact on both physical and psychological...

Children of Parents with Chronic Pain

2015/16-2016/17 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Chronic pain is a common health problem in both adults and children. Although studies have found that children whose parents have chronic pain may be at risk for developing pain themselves, few studies have addressed how this relationship occurs. One possible explanation is social modeling,...

#ItDoesn'tHaveToHurt Final Twitter Party

2016/17 • $7,750 • PI
No summary

3 Ways to Instantly Relieve your Baby's Pain

2016/17 • $5,000 • PI
This video is an example of an integrated knowledge translation activity and piece of core digital content from our funded Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR) Knowledge-to-Action grant: "It Doesn't Have to Hurt: A Science-Media Partnership to Mobilize Evidence about Children's Pain to...

Better Nights/Better Days: Improving Psychosocial Health Outcomes in Children with Behavioural Insomnia

2010/11-2015/16 • $1,998,967 • PI,CO
Up to 25% of children suffer from sleep problems that are referred to as 'behavioural insomnia'; that is, they have difficulty settling, falling asleep, and staying asleep. This leads to inappropriate daytime sleepiness and negatively effects behaviour, mood, and school performance. It also has...

Impact of poor sleep on children's emotional, attentional and behavioural functioning

2011/12-2015/16 • $434,811 • PI,CO
Poor sleep has been reported to disrupt daytime functioning in adults, but there is limited research in children. The research that does exist suggests that children who sleep less have lower academic achievement, act out more, and are more emotional. The majority of studies have used...

It Doesn't Have to Hurt: A Science-Media Partnership to Mobilize Evidence about Children's Pain to Parents

2014/15-2015/16 • $200,000 • PI,Other
Background. Poorly managed pain in children is a serious and on-going health problem, resulting in unnecessary suffering and long-term negative effects. Knowledge to action gaps in managing children’s acute and chronic pain are well documented; yet knowledge translation (KT) efforts have...

It Doesn't Have to Hurt Social Media Initiative Launch

2015/16 • $3,000 • PI
All children have pain and parents are generally unaware of how they can help. Despite the fact that Canada leads the world in children's pain research, many children still do not receive the pain care they deserve. Parents can be effective pain management advocates for their children. This...

CIHR Training Grant in Pain in Child Health, an innovative, international, trans-disciplinary research training consortium Phase II

2010/11-2014/15 • $1,625,000 • PI,CO
Pain in Child Health (PICH) is an innovative cross disciplinary research training consortium that originally linked research centres in 5 cities across Canada and created a community of scholars in pediatric pain. The consortium has expanded, with funding from Mayday Foundation in New York,to...

Sustainability of a multidimensional knowledge translation intervention to improve paediatric pain practices and outcomes

2011/12-2014/15 • $822,401 • PI,CO
Recent studies show that hospitalized children undergo many painful procedures such as heel lances and finger pricks daily. Although there has been some improvement in pain management over the past two decades, regular pain assessment and management remains sub-optimal. The main issue is that...

Everyday Pains in Young Children

2010/11-2014/15 • $478,899 • PI,CO
Chronic pain is a serious health problem for many children and adolescents. The understanding and management of children's pain still lags considerably behind what is known about adult pain. Much of what is known about the psychological and social factors that influence children's pain comes...

External validity of the cold pressor task in pediatric pain research.

2011/12-2014/15 • $175,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
The cold pressor task (CPT) is a commonly used experimental method of inducing pain requiring a child to submerse his/her hand or forearm in cold water for as long as can be tolerated, lasting several minutes. Use of the CPT has led to numerous critical advances in our understanding of...

Social modeling in pediatric pain

2012/13-2014/15 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Families provide an important context in which pediatric pain should be understood, and previous research has shown that how parents react to pain can have an influence on how their children react to and experience pain. How children learn from their parent's modeling of pain behaviours may be...

Chronic Pain Network

2014/15 • $50,000 • PI
In addition to profound personal suffering, the cost of chronic pain to society across the lifespan is greater than that from cancer and heart disease combined. Canada is recognized as a world leader in pain research productivity and training, and per capita produces twice as many pain related...

Improving Chronic Pain Care for all Canadians: A Patient Engagement Project to Identify Research Priorities

2014/15 • $15,000 • PI,CO,Other
In addition to profound personal suffering, the cost of chronic pain across the lifespan is greater than that from cancer and heart disease combined. Canada is recognized as a world leader in pain research productivity and training, and per capita produces twice as many publications relevant to...

Sex differences in pain

2014/15 • $6,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
No summary

ICS IHDCYH Talks Video Prize Competition

2014/15 • $1,500 • PI
No summary

Canada Research Chair in Pain and Child Health

2010/11-2013/14 • $375,000 • PI
Chronic pain is a serious health problem that affects as many as 20% of children and is associated with significant disability and frequent use of health care services. The proposed research program will investigate the role of developmental, psychological, and social factors involved in...

Needle Fears in Children undergoing Medical Procedures: Knowledge Synthesis, Practice Guidelines, and Dissemination Strategies

2013/14 • $99,936 • PI,CO,Other
Painful medical procedures involving needles such as immunizations and blood draws are common in childhood and a sources of immense fear. By the time a child is school-age, he/she will have experienced upwards of 2 dozen immunization injections alone. About 2/3 of childrne and 1/4 of adults have...

We Are Family - The importance of parents, peers and partners in pain relief

2013/14 • $3,000 • PI,CO
As of 2011 15% of Nova Scotians aged 12 and over report they usually have pain or discomfort that is moderate to severe and/or prevents usual daily activities. Chronic pain affects every aspect of a person's life including their ability to work, their emotional, mental and physical health as...

The role of mindfulness in the fear-avoidance model of chronic pain in children and adolescents.

2010/11-2012/13 • $105,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is the leading cause of death in Canada. Evidence suggests that physical fitness is the best predictor of mortality for CHD patients. Despite increased focus on interventions to promote physical activity (PA) in this population, CHD patients remain less physically...

Translating Research on Pain in Children (TROPIC) Study

2010/11-2011/12 • $623,280 • PI,CO
Pain is one of the most common, debilitating and perplexing symptoms reported by Canadians. Surveys of hospitalized children indicate that at least 50% reported moderate to severe pain in the previous 24 hours, only 20% had a pain assessment and 50% received analgesia. Although well managed pain...

Children's Memory for Pain

2010/11-2011/12 • $70,000 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
What children remember about painful experiences (e.g., immunizations) has important implications for how well they cope with future medical procedures. Children's memories of painful procedures can persist into adulthood and lead individuals to avoid medical care. Children who have exaggerated...

CIHR Team in Children's Pain

2010/11 • $448,855 • PI,CO
Although the need for evidence-based pain management has been acknowledged by international organizations, quality care initiatives, and as a focus of the patient safety initiatives, and despite exponential growth in pediatric pain research by leading Canadian researchers and the development of...

Identification of physical and psychosocial predictors of chronic pain in children and adolescents: A first step towards prevention

2010/11 • $99,983 • PI,CO,Other
Chronic pain is relatively common among children and adolescents; we still do not know what causes chronic pain. Biopsychosocial predictors are involved in the onset and course of this chronic condition over time. We want to systematically explore the knowledge available about the physical and...

Health professionals' ability to distinguish between genuine, faked, and suppressed facial expressions of pain in children.

2010/11 • $17,500 • Scholarship/Fellowship,Other
The main objective of this study is to determine whether specific types of self-esteem are related to higher levels of social anxiety in an adolescent female eating disorder population, as well as to identify if specific diagnoses of eating disorders or age groups have higher levels of social...

It Doesn't Have to Hurt: Topics in Children's Pain

2010/11 • $3,000 • PI,CO
A Cafe Scientifique provides an opportunity to engage with the community on topics in science and healthcare that pertain to public interests. Two proposed Cafes on pain in children deal with issues that have generated much discussion at the research and healthcare levels. In the first proposed...