The Perspectives of Young Adults Regarding Non-Attendance at Diabetes Clinics

Funding Details
Canadian Institutes of Health Research
  • Grant type: Master's Award: Frederick Banting and Charles Best Canada Graduate Scholarships
  • Years: 2010/11 to 2011/12
  • Total Funding: $23,333
Keywords
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Project Summary

Non-attendance has been highlighted as one of the most pressing issues in chronic illness management.Several studies have associated young age, particularly ages 18 to 26, with non-attendance in diabetes clinics (see review in Scott et al., 2005). Some researchers propose that the reason why young adults often do not attend diabetes clinics is because of the difficulty they experience in making the transition from pediatric to adult diabetes care. No study was located that specifically examined non-attendance among young adults. The objective that underlies the proposed research is to explore, describe and compare the perspectives of young adult non-attenders regarding the origins and impact of non-attendance of young adults in hospital-based diabetes clinics. The research will be a qualitative study involving semi-structured interviews of young adults with type 1 diabetes who have been absent from a hospital diabetes clinic for more than 12 months. The interviews will be structured to provide (1) demographic and other personal information, (2) self-care information, and (3) thoughts, feelings and attitudes about diabetes and diabetes care and the effect of these on the decision to not attend the diabetes clinic. The third section of the interview will reflect the three common models of health behavior: the Health Belief Model, the Theory of Reasoned Action, and the Self-Regulatory Model. The interviews will be analyzed according to thematic analysis. The findings will be compared to the central tenets of the three health behavior models. The study will contribute data that will provide direction to practitioners and policy developers regarding mediating the issue of non-attendance among young adults with diabetes.