Domtar

Research Areas
Collaborating Researchers
Collaborating Organizations

Recent Research Projects

Enhancing dewatering, drying, combustion and utilization of pulp and paper mill biosludge

2017/18-2019/20 • $564,600
Canadian pulp and paper mills generate more than 20 million cubic metres of raw biosludge per year. Biosludge is generated during biological wastewater treatment and consists to >98% of water with the remainder being bacteria and tree residues. Energy intensive dewatering can decrease the water...

Climate change and water use: can increase diversity help protect forests?

2017/18-2019/20 • $509,000
This research project is strongly grounded on the needs expressed by our partners and by forest managers for predictions on the impacts of climate change on forests, and mitigation strategies to limit the expected mortality due to water stress and its effect of the productivity of Canadian...

Eco-design for a Circular Economy of Thermoformed Cellulosic Pulp Packaging

2018/19-2019/20 • $400,000
The vision of the Chair is to achieve its objectives of developing a Canadian expertise in cellulosic fibre moulding and thermoforming for the development of 100% biodegradable cellulosic pulp packaging made for different retail applications such as hygiene and food service.*The major objective...

Modified hardwood and softwood pulp fiber for innovative products

2016/17-2019/20 • $225,000
Domtar is the largest integrated marketer and manufacturer of uncoated freesheet paper and among the mostcost-competitive papermakers in North America. Domtar is working on the development of new products fromnew proprietary types of pulp and wants to use the pulp which they produce in excess by...

Development of new paper grades from SEPF using a pilot paper machine

2017/18-2019/20 • $220,484
Domtar Corporation is the largest integrated producer of uncoated free sheet paper in North America and the second largest in the world based on production capacity, and is also a manufacturer of paper grade pulp. Domtar wants to develop new products from new types of pulp called Surface...

Identifying and evaluating the effectiveness of best management practices to mitigate mercury contamination in managed forests

2019/20 • $212,315
Canada has vast forested lands, and forest management forms the basis of one of the country's most important natural resource industries. At the same time, forests naturally supply numerous environmental services, such as providing clean water and helping to sustain fisheries. When forests are...

Rôle de la tique d'hiver dans l'écologie des populations d'orignaux dans l'Est du Canada

2019/20 • $157,969
Le déplacement de nombreuses espèces vers les pôles et le devancement dans le temps des étapes de leurs cycles vitaux sont des conséquences du réchauffement climatique qui entraînent une modification des interactions entre les espèces, notamment les interactions parasites-hôtes. La tique d'hiver...

Development of novel food packaging made from modified wood pulps using a pilot pulp thermoforming machine

2018/19-2019/20 • $150,000
This project establishes a new partnership between Innofibre and Domtar inc. for the development of novel food packaging made from modified wood pulps using a pilot pulp thermoforming machine. *The work that will be performed to deliver the project scope is composed of laboratory/pilot pulp...

NSERC/ Industrial Research Chair for Smart Supply Systems within the connected forest value chain

2019/20 • $122,575
Agility,Collaboration,Forest management,Forest operations,Forest software platforms,Logistics,Optimization,Simulation,Synchronization

Decision making in the forest value chain

2019/20 • $85,182
The primary objective of this proposal is to develop decision support tools, enhancing the competitiveness offuture Canadian forest bioeconomy value chains through analytics. Analytics enable organizations to turncomplex challenges into substantial opportunities by transforming data into...

Production of carbon aerogels from biochoice (TM) lignin for supercapacitors application

2019/20 • $64,000
The goal of the proposed work is to develop a scalable system for the BioChoiceTM Lignin conversion intoadvanced aerogel and carbon aerogel materials. This research will provide a framework to develop novelmaterials for the green building and energy storage markets using renewable resources from...

Relation entre la dynamique spatiale hivernale du cerf de Virginie et l'intensité des dommages liés au broutage sur la régénération forestière

2019/20 • $56,700
Les dommages du broutage sur la régénération forestière sont particulièrement importants dans les forêts feuillues du sud du Québec, notamment en raison des fortes abondances de cerfs de Virginie qu'on y retrouve. On a cependant une compréhension limitée des mécanismes par lesquels le cerf...

Use of lytic polysaccharide monooxygenases (LPMO) to enhance the enzyme treatment for cellulose nano-fibrils (CNF) preparation

2019/20 • $43,400
This collaborative research project will be undertaken by Dr. Yonghao Ni and his team at the University of New Brunswick, in partnership with Domtar Inc. Cellulases such as endoglucanase and exoglucanase have shown the ability to facilitate refining and fibrillation, and with a cellulose...

Productivité, biodiversité et résistance aux insectes et maladies en plantations intensives monospécifiques et mixtes

2019/20 • $25,000
Le défi de l'aménagement forestier durable est de concilier économie, environnement et société. Bien que les plantations couvrent 5% de la surface émergée de la planète, elles fournissent plus de 15% de la production mondiale de bois. Cependant, comme la majorité sont composées d'une seule...

Conception de modèles d'aide à la coordination et à la gestion de la chaîne de valeur forestière pour une exécution efficiente de ses activités

2019/20 • $20,014
The forest products value chain relies on the economic activities of several organisations who pursue the transformation of a heterogeneous natural resource so as to satisfy a fluctuating market. The divergent nature of the wood fibre's transformation process as well as the autonomous...

Identifying and evaluating the effectiveness of best management practices to mitigate mercury contamination in managed forests ********************

2018/19 • $164,655
Canada has vast forested lands, and forest management forms the basis of one of the country's most important natural resource industries. At the same time, forests naturally supply numerous environmental services, such as providing clean water and helping to sustain fisheries. When forests are...

Fertilité du sol et broutage intéragissent-ils pour affecter la croissance et la biodiversité des érablières?

2014/15-2018/19 • $132,000
Au cours des dernières décennies, les forestiers ont observé qu'un grand nombre de peuplements dominés par l'érable à sucre présentaient des signes de dépérissement, s'accompagnant d'une faible régénération de cette espèce mais d'une présence accrue de régénération du hêtre à grandes feuilles....

Rôle de la tique d'hiver dans l'écologie des populations d'orignaux dans l'Est du Canada**********

2018/19 • $115,986
Le déplacement de nombreuses espèces vers les pôles et le devancement dans le temps des étapes de leurs cycles vitaux sont des conséquences du réchauffement climatique qui entraînent une modification des interactions entre les espèces, notamment les interactions parasites-hôtes. La tique d'hiver...

Creating Fibrillated cellulose through enzyme treatments for strength and barrier properties

2018/19 • $45,100
Pulp is BC's largest export and one of Canada's largest export industries. This research is directly aimed at improving the competitiveness of this strategic industry through a better understanding of the production of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). *LC refining in conjunction with enzymatic...

Evaluation of carbon capture and conversion technologies for pulp and paper mills

2018/19 • $25,000
Domtar, a company that operates 12 pulp and paper mills across North America and manages a supply chain of*> 25 million green tons of biomass per year to manufacture wood fiber-based products, has taken on an*ambitious goal to reduce the carbon footprint of the mills through development and...

Advanced remote sensing tools for enhanced forest inventory****

2018/19 • $25,000
Domtar is an active forest management company with over 160,000 ha of forests in southern Quebec. Their forest holdings are characterized by high variability in both structure and composition.. As part of a province-wide surveying campaign conducted by Quebec's Ministry of Forests, Wildlife and...

Linking traditional forest inventory data with airborne laser scanning (ALS) measurements******

2018/19 • $25,000
Domtar is the owner of a vast forest estate totalling over 160,000 ha in southern Quebec. In total, more than 2,250 permanent sample plots (PSPs) have been established and measured periodically with the objective to monitor the effects of (and continuously improve) the silvicultural systems...

Next generation of lignin precipitation process

2018/19 • $25,000
The first full-scale lignin extraction plant was commissioned in 2013 at Domtar's Plymouth, North Carolina*pulp mill to produce High-quality lignin, a by-product of the Kraft pulping process. Domtar now markets the*lignin as BioChoiceTM lignin. From its practical experience Domtar is developing...

Lignin-Polymer Composite Materials: Production Process Optimization and Product Performance Evaluation

2018/19 • $12,500
This Engage Plus application aims at supporting the further developments of a collaborative research program*between Domtar Inc. and Dr. Ye at Concordia University in developing lignin-polymer composite materials*and processing technologies. Lignin is the second most abundant biopolymer after...

Agile operations management for market-driven wood processing industry

2013/14-2017/18 • $785,968
The goal of this research is to develop a set of processes, methods, and decision-support technologies, for agile operations management in divergent wood processing systems driven by customer demand. More specifically, we aim to achieve five objectives:1) To propose processes, algorithms, and...

Engineering the integrated wood supply system for a more competitive Canadian forest products industry

2013/14-2017/18 • $544,755
The forest environment poses significant challenges to conducting industrial processes. The harsh working conditions, remoteness, numerous sources of variations cause uncertainties throughout the supply chain (SC) and negatively affect performance. While important gains are achievable through...

Integrated and collaborative planning of wood supply operations

2013/14-2017/18 • $357,566
No summary

Ingénierie d'un tableau de bord de gestion en transport forestier collaboratif

2017/18 • $25,000
Dans un contexte de forte compétition, le Service d'approvisionnement en fibres de Domtar-Windsor chercheconstamment à réduire ou du moins limiter l'augmentation du coût d'approvisionnement en bois de l'usine deWindsor, dont une portion importante provient des coûts de transport. Une des...

Lignin-Polyethylene Composite Materials: Production Process Optimization and Performance Evaluation

2017/18 • $25,000
This Engage application aims at establishing a research partnership between Domtar Inc. and Dr. Ye atConcordia University to develop lignin-polyethylene composite materials. Lignin is the second most abundantbiopolymer after cellulose. Industrial lignin is produced as a by-product of pulping...

Engineering BioChoice Lignin-Based Microparticles for Applications in Veterinary Medicine

2017/18 • $25,000
Domtar is the largest integrated producer of uncoated free sheet paper in North America. As a result they are amajor producer of lignin, a relatively low value by-product that is used as a solid fuel to generate process steamand power. Lignin, a substance in the cellular walls of plants, is the...

Further development of the mill sludge valorization process

2017/18 • $12,500
The Canadian pulp and paper industry generates about 1.5 million tons of primary and secondary sludge everyyear, which requires disposal and presents a major environmental challenge. On average, 60% of the totalwastewater treatment costs of pulp and paper mills account for sludge disposal. For...

Flow characteristics of chemical pulp suspension as functions of pulp properties and process parameters

2015/16-2016/17 • $92,000
This collaborative research project will be undertaken by the partnership of Dr. Yonghao Ni (applicant), Dr. Mark Martinez (co-applicant), and Domtar Inc. The overall objectives are: 1) to investigate the flow characteristics of kraft pulp suspensions at different conditions; and 2) to determine...

Impacts des plantations de peuplier hybride sur la biodiversité faunique à différentes échelles spatiales

2016/17 • $52,000
Les plantations forestières sont largement utilisées à travers le monde pour augmenter et régulariser l'approvisionnement en bois. Les impacts des plantations pour la conservation de la biodiversité à l'échelle locale et du paysage fait cependant l'objet de débats. En effet, les plantations...

Use of Biochar for On-Site Treatment of Pulp and Paper Mill Effluents

2016/17 • $25,000
We plan to conduct a joint study with Domtar Inc of Montreal to test an on-site filtration system to reducechemical pollution from pulp and paper mill effluents. Primarily, we will produce the sorbent material, i.e.biochar, from different agricultural waste biomass under varying pyrolysis...

Generating sugar streams from pulp and paper mill sludge

2016/17 • $25,000
Domtar Espanola mill, which manufactures about 327,000 tons ADMT (air-dried metric tons) of pulp and 69,000 short tons of paper annually, is interested in minimizing their waste stream of mill sludge by converting it into a sugar stream as a value-added product that can diversify their product...

Modélisation du régime hydrologique de bassins versants comportant des milieux humides forestiers

2016/17 • $24,990
Les milieux humides forestiers jouent un rôle important sur la régulation du régime hydrique des bassins versants. Une meilleure compréhension du régime hydrologique de tels milieux est essentielle pour une exploitation respectueuse de l'environnement de ces milieux. Le modèle hydrologique est...

Polylactic acid composites with wood fibres

2016/17 • $24,750
of compostable polylactic acid. It is anticipated that polylactic acid wood fibre composites have increased mechanical and thermal stability when compared to polylactic acid but are still compostable and wood fibres are a renewable and cost-effective material. Properties of these new composite...

Tannin extraction from bark

2016/17 • $24,129
The transformation of residual softwood bark from Domtar Inc. pulp and paper industry through an integratedforest biorefinery will get access to condensed tannins a new value-added biopolymer product from softwoodbark. Based on phloroglucinol structural pattern, condensed tannins from black...

Adhesive production from bark via fast pyrolysis

2016/17 • $12,500
Many forestry companies generate large amounts of bark residues. These residues are currently combusted in bark boilers to generate low value steam. The main objective of the proposed research is to investigate the conversion of bark into a high value liquid that could substitute phenol derived...

New chemistries for the production of carbon aerogels from BioChoiceTM lignin

2016/17 • $12,500
Lignin is one of the primary components of plant cell wall in most terrestrial plants and second biopolymeronly to cellulose in abundance. Industrial lignin is produced as a by-product of pulping mills and bio-refineriesand the majority of lignin is burned as a low value fuel in the recovery...

Finding optimal recycling strategies of wood ash, composted sludge, paper biosolids and lime slurry for plantation forestry in Quebec

2013/14-2015/16 • $219,689
Thousands of tons of ash from forest biomass combustion are being produced each year in Quebec by paper mills and cogeneration power stations. In the coming years, ash production is bound to rise with the increasing use of forest biomass as a fuel in response to concerns over climate change,...

On the relationship between fibre morphology and rheology of papermaking fibres suspensions and hydrogels

2014/15-2015/16 • $89,000
Pulp is BC's largest export and one of Canada's largest export industries. This research is directly aimed at improving the competitiveness of this strategic industry through a better understanding of the production of microfibrillated cellulose (MFC). LC refining is process in which the...

Production of adhesives and activated carbon from BioChoice lignin via fast pyrolysis

2015/16 • $25,000
Kraft Lignin is a co-product of Kraft pulp and paper mills. Domtar is commercially operating several Kraft mills where the lignin is extracted and combusted to generate low-value energy for the plant. The main objective of the proposed project is to investigate the conversion of lignin into high...

Production of carbon aerogels from BioChoice lignin

2015/16 • $25,000
material, carbon aerogel. We aim to investigate the feasibility of converting BioChoiceTM lignin to aerogels and to their carbon derivatives. In order to obtain lignin-based wet gels, phenol and formaldehyde will be used to induce the condensation/gelation reactions in the presence of NaOH as...

Development of pulp fibre reinforced concrete

2015/16 • $25,000
This project's industry collaborator is Domtar Inc., located in Montréal, Québec. Domtar is a multi-national company over 100 years old; it has many pulp and paper manufacturing and processing plants across Canada and the USA. Some of the products manufactured from soft and hard woods are...

Production of adhesives from bark through fast pyrolysis

2015/16 • $24,993
Many forestry companies generate large amounts of bark residues. These residues are currently combusted in bark boilers to generate low value steam. The main objective of the proposed research is to investigate the conversion of bark into a high value liquid that could substitute phenol derived...

Quantifying and mapping the impacts of climate change on the productivity of Eastern Canadian forests

2012/13-2014/15 • $641,500
The general objective of this project is to develop a suite of forest dynamic models that will be used by natural resources managers to better understand (i) the different uncertainties associated with climate change and (ii) how current land-use practices can affect the diversity and...

New product development from modified pulps using a dynamic sheets former

2014/15 • $25,000
Domtar Corporation is the largest integrated producer of uncoated free sheet paper in North America and thesecond largest in the world based on production capacity, and is also a manufacturer of paper grade pulp.Domtar wants to develop new products from new types of pulp (modified pulps) which...

BioChoice lignin as a potential source of biomaterials for gold mining industry

2014/15 • $25,000
Gold is one of the most expensive precious metals that are widely used not only as traditional jewelries but alsoas useful components in a variety of well known advanced materials. Mining companies produce gold fromore/concentrate by leaching followed by adsorption onto activated carbon....

Production of ion exchange resin via copolymerization of BioChoiceTM lignin and styrene

2014/15 • $25,000
Kraft is the dominant chemical pulping process in Canada. In this process, kraft lignin is incinerated along with back liquor (i.e. spent liquor of pulping) in the recovery cycle of the mill, and thus kraft lignin is generally under-utilized. However, value-added chemicals can be produced from...

Granulation of lignin

2014/15 • $12,500
Domtar Corporation owns and operates four pulp mills in Canada. Lignin is a by-product of the pulping process that can provide energy for the mills, but also has many potential applications in the energy, materials and chemical industries as adhesives, agricultural chemicals, adsorbents,...

Recherche appliquée et support aux PME de l'Abitibi-Témiscamingue et du Nord-du-Québec pour la valorisation de la biomasse résiduelle

2010/11-2013/14 • $1,550,000
Le projet du Cégep de l'Abitibi-Témiscamingue et le Centre technologique des résidus industriel (CTRI) vise àappuyer les petites et moyennes entreprises (PME) régionales dans le développement de produitscommercialisables, créés à partir de résidus abandonnés lors des coupes forestières :...

Demography of Ontario woodland caribou in relation to predation risk and landscape disturbance

2010/11-2013/14 • $532,000
Forest-dwelling caribou have experienced declining abundance and range retraction throughout large parts ofthe boreal zone in Ontario. Anthropogenic landscape disturbances has been suggested as the primary cause ofdeclining caribou in Ontario, mirroring patterns seen in other parts of the...

Régénération et rendement des résineux après feux: comparaison des résultats après ensemencement, plantation ou régénération naturelle.

2010/11-2013/14 • $127,150
Les feux de forêt continuent à incendier des territoires boréaux d'année en année. Dans un contexte d'aménagement forestier durable, suite à un feu, il importe de s'assurer d'obtenir des stations bien régénérées et d'y obtenir un rendement au moins équivalent à celui qui prévalait avant la...

Granulation of Lignin

2013/14 • $25,000
Domtar Corporation owns and operates four chemical pulp mills in Canada. Lignin is a by-product of the pulping process that can provide energy for the mills, but also has many potential applications in the energy, materials and chemical industries as adhesives, agricultural chemicals,...

Chaire de recherche industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en aménagement forestier durable

2010/11-2012/13 • $220,000
En juillet 1998, l'UQAT et l'UQAM, en collaboration avec leurs partenaires socio-économiques et gouvernementaux, se dotaient d'une Chaire en aménagement forestier durable (AFD) afin de développer la recherche et la formation nécessaires pour assurer le virage vers une foresterie durable. La...

Aménagement écosystémique en forêt feuillue basé sur la dynamique des perturbations naturelles : viabilité environnementale et socioéconomique

2010/11-2012/13 • $146,000
Après plus d'une quinzaine d'années de gestation théorique, le concept d'aménagement forestier écosystémique fait depuis peu l'objet de projets pilotes sur le terrain. En s'inspirant de la dynamique forestière naturelle, ce type d'aménagement permettrait le maintien de la biodiversité et des...

Raréfaction des vieilles forêts: enjeux fauniques de l'échelle locale à celle du paysage

2010/11-2012/13 • $101,900
Diminuer l'écart entre les paysages forestiers aménagés et les paysages naturels constitue le principe de base de l'aménagement écosystémique. L'enjeu le plus couramment identifié demeure la modification de la structure d'âge du paysage forestier qui se traduit par une perte de vieilles forêts...

Evaluating papermaking fibre suspension rheology using pipe rheometry

2012/13 • $25,000
Pulp is BC's largest export and one of Canada's largest export industries. This research is directly aimed at improving the competitiveness of this strategic industry through a better understanding of the low consistency refining process Low consistency refining is unit operation in the...

Planning the softwood supply chain

2010/11-2011/12 • $566,242
No summary

Method for economic and environmental evaluation of sustainable forest biorefinery strategies

2010/11-2011/12 • $214,000
Transformation to the forest biorefinery could represent an important opportunity for the Canadian forestry industry to revitalize and strengthen its long-term competitive position. At the same time, the forest biorefinery could be an important environmental opportunity for Canada, especially...

Alternative silvicultural approaches for maintaining biodiversity in black-spruce zone of Western Quebec

2010/11-2011/12 • $113,664
The effectiveness of partial cutting as means to maintain biodiversity and old-growth characteristics has been widely advocated throughout Canada's boreal forests. However, the relative importance of paludification (a process where organic material such as mosses accumulate and thus decrease...

Probing for climate change stressors in managed Jack Pine stands: Implications for forestry and forest management

2011/12 • $25,000
Domtar is the largest marketer and manufacturer of uncoated freesheet paper in North America and second largest in the world. The business relies on wood fibre to produce its' pulp and paper products. It also produces lumber and is involved in the management of forest resources. An area of...

Shabnam Sanaei

Scholarship/Fellowship 1

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