METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR DETECTING ICE FORMATION ON A SURFACE USING RESONANT SENSORS

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Abstract

Disclosed is system and method for detecting formation of solid-state water on a surface of a body. The system comprises at least one microwave resonator sensor locatable on the body under the surface and an analyzer operably coupled to the at least one passive microwave resonator; the analyzer configured to measure at least one parameter of the response of the at least one microwave resonator sensor. The at least one parameter varies in relation to at least one of the permittivity and conductivity of the region above the surface calibrated to output a signal indicating and the analyzer is configured to output an indication when the at least one parameter indicates that solid-state water has formed on the surface. The method comprises measuring the at least one parameter at the analyzer and outputting a signal indicating the formation of solid-state water on the surface.